A multinational task force designed to seize Russian oligarchs' wealth has blocked and frozen 30 billion US dollars (£25 billion) in sanctioned individuals' property and funds in its first 100 days in operation, it has been reported.
This was on top of the yachts, other vessels and luxury real estate that had been impounded, as well as 300 billion US dollars (£246 billion) in Russian Central Bank funds that had been immobilised, the US treasury department said.
"We continue to increase Russia's cost of its war," the treasury said of the Repo (Russian Elites, Proxies and Oligarchs) task force.
The programme is designed to drain Russia of its resources as the country's president Vladimir Putin continues his invasion of Ukraine, but civil rights advocates have raised concerns about potential overreach.
Treasury secretary Janet Yellen and attorney general Merrick Garland convened the Repo task force in March in conjunction with a number of other countries, which work together to investigate and prosecute oligarchs and other individuals allied with Mr Putin.
The European Commission has set up its own Freeze and Seize Task Force to work in conjunction with the Repo group.
The collective has worked to impound bank accounts, assets and properties.
For instance, earlier this month, the US announced sanctions on God Nisanov, one of the richest men in Europe, and Alexey Mordashov, one of Russia's wealthiest billionaires, along with his wife and two adult children.
"Repo members will continue to track Russian sanctioned assets and prevent sanctioned Russians from undermining the measures that Repo members have jointly imposed," the treasury said.
With sanctions increasing, there are growing concerns that seizures are being carried out on non-Americans outside of the judicial review process, with big consequences for sanctioned individuals who may not be able to challenge the seizures.
Attorney Tom Firestone, who specialises in international investigations for business clients, said seizures "can have consequences for innocent people who have nothing to do with the war - we need to be careful not to penalise innocent people".
"We've seen a tremendous expansion of the sanctions," Mr Firestone said.
"The US government is going after a variety of targets. There is a lot of uncertainty about where it is all going."
The American Civil Liberties Union has contested Bills - including the House-passed Asset Seizure for Ukraine Reconstruction Act - that would make seizure of Russian assets easier for the government.
The government said that in a wartime environment that had spawned a worldwide food crisis "we are seeking to maximise the impact of sanctions on designated persons and entities while guarding against spillover that affects global commodities markets and food supplies".