Conservationists are calling for a ban on trawling the English seabed and an end to farming on deep peat as part of efforts to protect precious carbon stores.
The network of wildlife conservation charities is also calling for a ban on peatland burning and the sale of peat, “highly protected status” for all seagrass habitats, and a boost to sustainable farming.
They want to see more natural regeneration of woodlands, or native tree planting, more space for nature in towns and new developments, and a “Wildbelt” designation protecting land put into recovery for nature.
Climate change is driving declines in nature while the loss of wildlife and carbon-storing habitats such as woodlands is undermining efforts to cut emissions, the trusts said.
Wildlife Trusts chief executive Craig Bennett warned that in addition to cutting emissions at source, there needed to be an “enormous rise” in the amount of land and sea protected for nature.
In a report published in the run up to the Cop26 talks, where countries will be under pressure to drive action on curbing dangerous warming, the Wildlife Trusts called for action on both climate and curbing declines in nature.
The trusts want to see greater protection of carbon-storing habitats, including a new call to ban bottom-trawling the seabed in England, which conservationists warn releases carbon stored in the sediment and habitat.
Seagrass is also an important store of carbon and a key place for wildlife so all seagrass habitats should be given highly protected status, and the Government should renew its pledge to protect coastal habitats such as saltmarshes which absorb carbon.
Destructive farming such as draining and ploughing of lowland peat also releases carbon dioxide into the atmosphere, so the conservation groups are also calling for an end to growing crops on deep peatland, among a series of measures to protect the precious habitat.
All of the UK’s upland peatland should be restored by 2050, the conservationists urge.
Mr Bennett said: “Nature’s fantastic ability to trap carbon safely and provide other important benefits is proven – peatland, woodland, saltmarsh and other wild habitats are vital carbon stores.
“But these natural places are in decline and face even greater risk of degradation from the extreme climatic conditions that are already inevitable over the next 30 years.
“It’s becoming a vicious spiral of damage – one that has to be stopped right now.
“In addition to the urgent task of cutting emissions at source, we need to see an enormous rise in the amount of land and sea that’s protected for nature – and increase it to at least 30% by 2030.”
He also called on the Government to embed climate action – both efforts to cut emissions and cope with increasing temperatures and extreme weather – and stop polluting activities such as new road building, burning peat and trawling the seabed.
Wildlife Trusts across the UK are taking action to bring back nature and tackle the climate crisis, including bringing beavers back to Argyll, Scotland, restoring fens and trialling wetland farming which keeps peat wet and healthy and storing carbon in East Anglia.
They are also working to restore upland peat to a rewetted condition, in Yorkshire, and recreate saltmarsh habitat for wildlife, carbon storage and create natural coastal flood buffers in Essex.