Brazil proposes looser fiscal rules to spur growth

Reuters Middle East

* Law enacted in 2000, ended series of economic crises

* Government struggling to make 2012 fiscal target

SAO PAULO, Dec 29 (Reuters) - Brazil's government has

proposed changes to a fiscal responsibility law that set the

foundation for a decade of economic prosperity in Latin

America's largest economy, two local newspapers said on


The changes would make it easier for the government to cut

Brazil's high tax burden and enact other stimulus measures after

two years of slow economic growth, but they could also rattle

investors who fear President Dilma Rousseff has been too quick

to modify bedrock economic principles.

Changing part of the law enacted in 2000 would remove "the

shackles of economic policy," an unnamed source from the finance

ministry told Estado de Sao Paulo newspaper.

A finance ministry spokesman did not respond to an emailed

request for comment.

Rousseff's economic team included the proposed changes in a

bill aimed at fiscal reform at the state level on Friday, the

newspapers said. That day, the government also posted a deficit

of 5.5 billion reais ($2.7 billion) for November, jeopardizing

its ability to meet a closely watched annual fiscal target.

The government needs to post a primary surplus of 31.5

billion reais in December to meet the target, and on Friday

passed a decree that would allow it to dip into its sovereign

wealth fund if tax income is lower than expected this month.

Rousseff has dished out tax breaks and intervened in

state-run companies to cut electricity costs as she tries to

boost growth, but the measures have dragged down government


The fiscal responsibility law put an end to a series of

financial crises that rocked Brazil in the 1980s and 1990s.

Brazil's finances are much more solid now, but any change to the

text could unsettle investors.

At the same time her commitment to fiscal responsibility is

being questioned, Rousseff has been under pressure to make even

deeper structural reforms since economic growth slowed to a mere

0.6 percent in the third quarter of 2012.

Those efforts have drawn criticism from the TCU, a

government agency that audits public spending, according to

stories in Folha de Sao Paulo and Estado de Sao Paulo newspapers

on Saturday.

The government believes altering the fiscal responsibility

law would remove such constraints. Congress will consider the

proposal after February, the papers said.

Despite slow growth and the increasingly unlikely fiscal

target, many aspects of Brazil's economy still seem healthy

compared to much of the developed world.

Unemployment remains near a record low, the debt to gross

domestic product ratio has fallen below that of the United

States and many European economies, and Rousseff is popular

among voters who believe the economy will eventually improve.

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