Thirteen people who describe themselves as the “victims of forced confessions broadcast on Chinese television” have written an open letter to Europe's largest satellite operator, Eutelsat, asking it to review company policy of broadcasting Chinese channels CGTN and CCTV-4. In an open letter dated 30 March, a group of 13 people, describing themselves as the "victims of severe human rights violations perpetrated by the People’s Republic of China," have asked French satellite TV company Eutelsat, to reconsider its policy of carrying Chinese state media.The signatories allege that they "were forced by the Chinese police to record confessions to alleged crimes and these were then broadcast by Chinese state-owned, Communist Party-controlled television networks – CGTN and CCTV-4 – both of which are aired in France via Eutelsat".Asked to respond to the allegations, Eutelsat has told RFI that "it is not within its remit to judge the content and suspend the broadcast of a channel under contract without an injunction from a competent authority".The Paris-based European Television Satellite Organisation (Eutelsat) is the world's third largest satellite operator in terms of revenue. Its 39 satellites provide broadcasts for almost 7,000 television stations, including Sky, Fox News, RFI's sister channel France24, BBC World and CNN International, covering most of Europe, but also beaming into Africa, Asia and the Americas.The 13 signatories include 11 Chinese citizens and two non-Chinese, representing dozens of people who found themselves detained or imprisoned by Chinese authorities, and who were forced to publicly admit their supposed wrongdoings.Public shamingPublicly shaming people accused of wrongdoing has a long tradition in Communist China. It is not uncommon that people who are caught violating the rules have to write a self-criticism. Public shaming reached its climax during brutal political campaigns such as the Cultural Revolution (1966-1976), when culprits were paraded in front of a large public, often wearing strangely shaped hats or carrying plaques with their names written upside down, or crossed out with red ink.One of the trials that may have inspired today's public shaming through modern media was the 1980 show trial of Mao's widow Jiang Qing, accused of heading the 'Gang of Four' that employed a reign of terror over China after the death of Mao in 1976.Today, the public shaming of criminals continues, and still includes political prisoners: people who have expressed doubt about the supremacy of the CCP or violated one or more of the party's 'red lines' such as promoting the independence of Taiwan, Tibet or Xinjiang.Torture"As direct victims of this practice, we appeal to you to carefully examine the information provided below, and to consider whether TV providers in democratic societies should continue to be morally complicit in airing such intentionally distorted information obtained through torture, threats and deprivation," wrote the thirteen.The open letter is supported by the Spain-based human rights organisation Safeguard Defenders, whose founder, co-signatory Peter Dahlin, was himself paraded in front of millions of viewers on China's central television. Dahlin says that the accused were "denied the right to fair trial, the right to see a lawyer, and the right not to be tortured," while they found themselves forced by threats to their families, themselves "and through torture," to agree to appear in front of the cameras and "confess" their crimes.According to the signatories, China's state television has aired forced confessions of more than 100 people since Xi Jinping came to power in 2013, pointing out that "most victims are rights lawyers, NGO workers and journalists".The letter notes that Australian public broadcaster SBS temporarily halted using CGTN content in March pending a review of human rights concerns. Also in March, the UK broadcast regulator Ofcom removed CGTN from the airwaves for partiality and violation of privacy. The Chinese channel then successfully sought a European broadcast licence via French regulator CSA.Just weeks after the CSA had determined that CGTN met the technical criteria required for broadcasting, Safeguard Defenders submitted two complaints against the channel. China retaliated against the CGTN expulsion from the UK by banning the BBC from broadcasting in China - even though the reception of the BBC in China is limited to compounds for foreigners and 5-star hotels. In a reaction to Safeguard Defenders' complaints, CGTN said the rights group intended to "distort and harm China's image and interests".Meanwhile, Eutelsat points out that responsibility for the content "in the case of non-European channels "rests with the regulator of the country where the uplink is located," in this case the France-based CSA, "which also has the ability to take legal action". Eutelsat insists it will "immediately comply with any subsequent decision by the CSA or the French courts, as it does systematically."