A mother who duped her teenage daughter into going to Pakistan and forced her to marry has been jailed for four and a half years, in the first successful prosecution of its type.
The unemployed woman, whom a judge said acted with ‘cowardice’ and ‘deceit’, was convicted on Tuesday of tricking the victim into going to Pakistan to enter into a false and forced marriage, and she also convicted of perjury for lying about the incident in the High Court.
A jury at Birmingham Crown Court heard how the victim sobbed as she was married to a male relative 16 years her senior.
Years earlier, the man had taken the girl’s virginity after she was entered into a marriage contract against her will.
The then 13-year-old was forced to have an abortion when she returned to the UK, which led her GP reporting his concerns to social services.
The mother showed no emotion as she was sentenced, despite various family members shaking their heads in the public gallery.
The victim, who also attended court, did not look at her mother as she was jailed but was commended for her courage by the judge.
Judge Patrick Thomas QC told the mother: ‘You had cruelly deceived her. She was frightened, alone, held against her will, being forced into a marriage she dreaded.
‘You must have known that was her state of mind. Yet for your own purposes, you drove the marriage through.
‘Her courage and respect for the truth throughout these proceedings have been admirable, and are a marked contrast to your own cowardice and deceit, continuing right through this trial and no doubt hereafter.
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‘You have sought to blame her for everything, and yourself have accepted responsibility for nothing.’
Prosecutor Deborah Gould said the victim ‘feels guilty’ for taking her mother to court.
She said on the daughter’s behalf: ‘If it wasn’t me in this position could it have been one of my brothers or sisters?
‘My message to other young girls is keep yourself safe. Do not go along with it, tell them to their face.’
During the trial, the girl told the court of her objections to wedding preparations but despite her protests, the couple were married in September 2016, just after she had celebrated her 18th birthday.
The teenager had described how she was taken to get ready for the ceremony, and an imam gave her papers to sign and asked if she wanted to get married.
The judge said he had no doubt the victim was ‘coerced’ by her mother to say ‘I do’ or ‘I accept’ three times, before signing.
Jurors heard the complainant recall how she cried to her mother, who continued leading her by the arm to meet her husband-to-be, and then put on her ring.
She said: ‘I didn’t want to get married to him.’
After concerns were raised by the authorities in the UK, the girl’s mother was summonsed to the High Court, and there lied on oath, saying her daughter had not been married.
Chris Gibbons, defending, admitted the case crossed the custody threshold but said of the defendant: ‘She has been unemployed and on state benefits. She’s worried about what might happen to the family.’
The new offence of forced marriage came into effect on in June 2014.