1571: The Battle of Lepanto was fought, when Christian allied naval forces defeated the Ottoman Turks.
1920: Oxford University admitted its first 100 women for degrees.
1922: The first royal broadcast was made by the Prince of Wales on 2LO, 11 days before it changed its name to the British Broadcasting Company.
1922: Marie Lloyd, English music hall entertainer, died aged 52, defying doctor’s orders not to go on stage when unwell.
1932: The London Philharmonic Orchestra gave its first concert in the now demolished Queen’s Hall in London, with Sir Thomas Beecham conducting.
1946: Woman’s Hour was first broadcast, a daily programme of music, advice and entertainment for the home. Joan Griffiths was the first regular presenter. The thriller serial Dick Barton, Special Agent, also started.
1959: Lunik III took the first pictures of the far side of the moon.
1986: A new British newspaper, The Independent was published.
ON THIS DAY LAST YEAR: The Duke and Duchess of Cambridge welcomed the president and first lady of Ukraine to the UK, at the first royal event at Buckingham Palace since the early lockdown.
BIRTHDAYS: Archbishop Desmond Tutu, 90; Thomas Keneally, author, 86; Kevin Godley, rock musician (10cc), 76; John Mellencamp, singer, 70; Jayne Torvill, ice skater, 64; Simon Cowell music guru/television producer, 62; Thom Yorke, musician, 53; Sami Hyypia, former footballer, 48.