New Deal for Africa: How to finance recovery while avoiding debt trap?

If it's all about the post-pandemic recovery and if deficits no longer matter, then what about Africa? France is welcoming leaders for a summit devoted to finance and relieving the debt owed by a continent that felt the full brunt of a world economy under lockdown. The age-old question feels more acute than ever: how to be like the US and Europe and earmark huge sums for healthcare, schools, green energy and infrastructure... instead of using the money to pay interest on old debts?