Thousands of people marched in French cities Saturday to protest a draft law that would place limits on the filming of on-duty police officers, a move condemned as a curb on press freedom.
The biggest gathering of around 7,000 was near the Eiffel Tower in Paris and was closely watched by police who engaged in minor skimishes with a small group of protesters after the rally was over.
Overall, police and local government data compiled by AFP indicated that roughly 22,000 people had taken part in demonstrations nationwide.
In addition to representatives of the media, others included members of the "Yellow Vest" and "Extinction Rebellion" movements, along with individuals waving flags of the communist and green parties, and the FO trade union.
A banner deployed by the news agency Mediapart in Paris declared that "Democracy dies in obscurity".
Late Friday, parliament approved an amended "comprehensive security" law which would criminalise the publication of images of on duty police officers with the intent of harming their "physical or psychological integrity".
In practice, the law would restrict the publication of photos or videos taken of police officers' faces while in action.
In many cases an officer's face would have to be blurred.
Journalist unions say it could give police a green light to prevent them from doing their work and potentially documenting abuses by security forces.
- 'Orwell was right' -
An amendment clarifies that press freedom should in no way be hindered by the proposed measures.
French media are also concerned about potential rights abuse via the use of drones to watch demonstrations and facial recognition programmes linked to surveillance cameras.
French police have been taken to task in recent years for alleged brutality meted out to protesters and criminal suspects, especially those from black, Arab or other minorities.
In the northern city of Lille, a demonstrator carried an English-language sign that said "Orwell was right" in a reference to the dystopian novel "1984".
Rallies were also held in the Brittany city of Rennes, and in Marseille and Montpellier on the Mediterranean coast, where some chanted: "Put down your arms and we'll put down our telephones."
Article 24 of the draft law foresees a one-year prison term and a 45,000-euro ($54,000) fine for spreading images that show officers faces or allow them to be identified when such images harm their "physical or psychological integrity".
Social media campaigns that expose individual officers are targets of the proposed legislation.
Police say they risk great personal threat in the line of duty, and dozens have been injured in clashes with protesters in recent years.
An attack on a police station outside Paris last month by dozens of people armed with fireworks and steel bars spurred the government into taking measures.