Donald Trump travel ban: How the US President's immigration executive order has changed

Francesca Gillett

Donald Trump has signed a new executive order banning certain travellers to the United States.

The new order, which was signed on Monday, comes more than five weeks after the US President’s original ban on travellers from seven Muslim-majority countries.

The original ban sparked mass protests when it was introduced and led to dozens of legal battles in US courts.

But after making revisions, President Trump has now introduced a new order which is slightly changed. Here’s what you need to know about how it is different.

What does the new executive order state?

Donald Trump’s new order stops citizens of six Muslim-majority nations entering the US for 90 days.

Revised: US President Donald Trump signed a new executive order for a travel ban on Monday. (REUTERS)

The countries it covers are Iran, Libya, Syria, Somalia, Sudan and Yemen. | Graphiq

How is it different to the original order?

The President’s original order, introduced on January 27, banned citizens from seven Muslim-majority countries entering the US.

The new order removes Iraq from the ban black list, meaning citizens from Iraq are allowed in. It comes after the Iraqi government introduced heightened vetting procedures.

Monday’s fresh order also applies only to new visa applicants rather than visa-holders. This means that the 60,000 people whose US visas were revoked under the original order will now be able to enter the US.

The original order also banned refugees from Syria indefinitely. Under the revised order, Syrian immigrants do not have a different rule.

Why did the first executive order fail?

The original travel ban, which President Trump claimed was a national security measure to avoid attacks from Islamic militants, sparked wide criticism.

Airports descended into chaos as visa holders were detained and deported back to the countries where they hold citizenship.

US President Donald Trump returns to Washington after a weekend in Florida. (REUTERS)

On February 3, a US judge in Washington state temporarily suspended the order nationwide, leading President Trump to warn the judge’s action meant “many very bad and dangerous people” would pour into the US.

The Department of Homeland Security then said it would no longer force airlines to enfore the order and the State Department announced it would reverse the cancellation of visas.

Could this new order be challenged in the law courts?

Legal experts have said the new order will be harder to challenge in court because it affects fewer people living in the US. It also allows more exemptions to protect them so plaintiffs will be harder to find.

Attorney General Bob Ferguson in Washington, which succeeded in suspending the original ban, said his office would decide this week whether to file a lawsuit against the new order.

He said he would consult with state universities and businesses to find out what harm the new order could bring.

Law professor Stephen Yale-Loehr said: "They dotted their I's and crossed their T's in trying to anticipate what litigation might result,"

But Democratic leader in the Senate, Chuck Schumer, said he expected the new order to have the same uphill battle in the courts as the original version.

He said: “A watered down ban is still a ban. Despite the administration's changes, this dangerous executive order makes us less safe, not more, it is mean-spirited, and un-American. It must be repealed."

What do critics say about the new order?

Democrats hit out at the newly “repackaged order”. The House of Representatives Democratic leader Nancy Pelosi said it did not change the “immoral, unconstitutional and dangerous goals of their Muslim and refugee ban”.

Muslim Advocates, a civil rights group, said it was “crystal clear” the revised order is a Muslim ban.