FACTBOX-U.S. crude-by-rail projects; More than 1 mln bpd US crude moved via rail in 4Q

(Updates amount of crude moved via rail in 2014; adds Arc Logistics, Imperium projects)

HOUSTON, March 31 (Reuters) - U.S. oil producers, refiners and logistics companies are deep

into the crude-by-rail movement with dozens of projects throughout the United States and crude

movements via rail that surpassed 1 million barrels per day in the second half of 2014.

Rapid proliferation of oil-by-train shipments started more than four years ago to get oil to

markets as pipeline infrastructure lagged booming U.S. and Canadian crude production.

The Association of American Railroads said more than 1 million bpd originated on top U.S.

railroads in the fourth quarter of 2014, bringing the total for the year to 964,635 bpd, up 20

percent from 797,434 bpd in 2013.

Fourth-quarter movements slipped about 9,200 bpd from third-quarter shipments, but held at

more than 1 million bpd, AAR said. Oil moved via rail in the fourth quarter was 11 percent of

average U.S. January production of 9.2 million bpd.

The East and West coasts, in particular, have turned to rail to tap cheaper U.S. and

Canadian heavy crude with no major oil pipelines in operation to move inland crude to those

markets.

U.S. Gulf Coast refineries built to run heavy oil also are increasingly using rail to tap

Canadian crudes as pipeline companies face project delays because of permitting and

environmental opposition.

Rail has evolved past a stopgap measure into an integral crude sourcing mode for refiners,

adding flexibility to choose the best-priced crude from various shale and tight oil plays.

Contracts are shorter, and they are not locked into specific types of crude moved from fixed

points via pipeline.

Here is a rundown of more than 100 U.S. rail projects - both loading at production sites and

unloading at refineries and terminals - that have emerged as U.S. shale and Canadian production

has grown:

WEST COAST

Company Name Type Location State Capacity Crude Status

(bpd)

Tesoro Corp Ref Anacortes WA 50,000 Bakken Operational

(refinery

120,000 bpd)

U.S. Oil and Ref Tacoma WA 40,000 Bakken Operational

Refining;

TrailStone

Tesoro Corp Port Port of WA 360,000 Bakken, Approved by

and Savage Vancouver Canadian and port, awaiting

Services inland U.S. OK from state

governor

following

state

environmental

review; had

expected to be

operational

by end 2015,

but review

process could

push that to

2016 if

governor signs

off

Phillips 66 Ref Ferndale WA 30,000 bpd Bakken and Operational

capacity Canadian

total;

currently

receiving

20,000 of

N.American

crude via

mixed-freigh

t shipments

(refinery

100,000 bpd)

BP Plc Ref Cherry Point WA 70,000 Bakken Operational

(refinery

225,000 bpd)

Royal Dutch Ref Anacortes WA N/A (Puget Bakken, Awaiting

Shell Sound Canadian permits; on

refinery Feb. 24, 2015,

145,000 bpd) a Skagit

County hearing

examiner

ordered a

lengthy

environmental

review, which

can take a

year or more

Alon Energy Ref Bakersfield CA 13,000 each Bakken, Texas Permit

USA at Permian Basin, approved Sept.

Bakersfield Canadian 9 2014 to

oil refinery expand

and Bakersfield

Paramount offloading to

and Long 150,000 bpd;

Beach in February

asphalt 2015 Alon said

refineries startup was

(combined slated for

refineries' 2016, delayed

capacity form late

70,000 bpd) 2015; refinery

restart about

a year after

rail startup

if

economically

feasible to

upgrade to run

more light

crude;

Permitted to

offload up to

13,000 bpd

each at Long

Beach and

Paramount,

currently

offloading

5,000 bpd at

Long Beach;

opponents

suing Kern

County

officials to

rescind permit

Plains All Term Bakersfield CA Phase I Bakken, Phase I

American 65,000 to Niobrara, November 2014,

70,000; Eagle Ford Phase II

Phase II can awaiting

double permits to

volumes to test an

up to inactive

140,000; pipeline to

pipelines increase

can then capacity;

move crude environmental

to groups in

refineries January 2015

in Los sued to shut

Angeles and down the

San project and

Francisco force an

areas environmental

review

Valero Energy Ref Benicia CA 30,000 to Inland U.S. Seeking

Corp 50,000 bpd and Canadian permits;

(132,000 bpd delayed until

refinery) early 2016

from 1Q 2015

to accommodate

lengthy

environmental

review; had

already been

delayed from

4Q 2013

Targa Term Stockton CA 70,000 Inland U.S. Seeking

Resources and Canadian permits; no

Partners disclosed

and target startup

TRC Companies date

Grays Harbor Port Aberdeen(Gra WA Up to 50,000 Bakken, Seeking

Rail Terminal ys Harbor) Canadian permits;

(U.S. environmental

Development review ongoing

Group)

Westway Port Aberdeen(Gra WA About 26,300 Bakken, Seeking

Terminals LLC ys Harbor) bpd with Canadian permits

unit train

delivery

every three

days

(expands

from 18

loading/unlo

ading spots

to 80)

Tesoro Ref Martinez CA 5,000-10,000 Bakken Operational

; can expand

to 50,000;

receives

crude from

Kinder

Morgan

Richmond

operation

(refinery

166,000 bpd)

Phillips 66 Ref Arroyo CA Extend rail Canadian Seeking

Grande infrastructu permits;

re at Arroyo public hearing

Grande to postponed to

take up to June 2015 at

40,800 or the earliest

five 80-car from April

trains per 2014 to

week examine public

(Refinery comment on

120,200 bpd) revised

environmental

review

Questar Corp Load Essex CA Considering Permian Pipeline

rail loading segment must

facility at be converted

Essex to to crude from

move crude natural gas

via rail to for rail

96-mile project to go

pipeline in forward; if

Whitewater, approved,

CA, converted

connected to pipeline to

West Hynes start up in

crude-oil 2017

distribution

system in

Long Beach,

CA.

WesPac Term Pittsburg CA Design for Canadian, Seeking

Energy-Pittsb five trains Bakken, permits, city

urg LLC per week, Permian planners

(WesPac about 51,000 reviewing

Energy and public

Oiltanking comments on

Holding revised

Americas Inc) environmental

review

Kinder Morgan Term Richmond CA 72,000; Bakken, Operational;

Inc Converted to Canadian opponents'

crude from lawsuit to

ethanol in halt

September operations and

2013; can require state

receive environmental

125-car unit review

trains, dismissed Sept

100-car 5, 2014

trains ideal

Global Term Clatskanie OR Up to 3,261; Bakken

Partners LP expanding to Operational;

handle up to on Aug. 19

120,000 2014 received

state

emissions

permit

allowing

expansion;

startup

expected late

2015-early

2016

Interstate Load Sacramento CA 5,400, rail U.S. inland Ceased crude

Oil Co to truck crude oil operations

in November

2014, resumed

ethanol-only

unloading;

company

surrendered

permit

approving

crude

unloading

after

environmental

groups sued to

stop the

operation

Carson Oil Load Sacramento CA 7,800, rail U.S. inland Received

Inc to truck, crude authority to

crude and construct

ethanol crude loading

infrastructure

, seeking

customer

contract

before

starting

construction

NuStar Energy Load Vancouver WA 22,000 on U.S. inland Received

LP average crude permit to

convert two

products

storage tanks

at current

terminal to

crude; seeking

permits to

build

rail-to-barge

to start up in

2015

Arc Logistics Term Portland OR 18,000 Uinta Operational

Partners

Targa Term Tacoma WA N/A; Inland U.S., Ended

Resources manifest Canadian five-year deal

Partners

in 2013; could

restart for

more customers

if expand to

handle 70,000

bpd

Imperium Port Grays Harbor WA 82,000 Inland U.S. Existing

Renewables biodiesel

facility

seeking

permits to add

crude-by-rail

capability and

additional

liquid

storage;

environmental

review

ongoing.

EAST COAST

Company Name Type City State Capacity Crude Status

(bpd)

Phillips 66, Ref Linden NJ 80,000-90,00 Bakken Operational

Global 00 at times

Partners 70,000

(Railed to

Albany, NY,

then barged

to 238,000

bpd Bayway

refinery in

Linden, New

Jersey)

Plains All Term Yorktown VA 140,000 Bakken, Operational

American Niobrara,

Eagle Ford

PBF Energy Ref Delaware DE Up to Bakken and Operational

City 130,000 Canadian; up

Bakken, to 45,000

80,000 Bakken

Canadian barged to

(refinery 160,000 bpd

182,200 bpd) Paulsboro,

NJ

Philadelphia Ref Philadelphia PA 160,000; Bakken Operational

Energy plus another

Solutions 30,000 via

rail and

barge

combination

(refinery

330,000 bpd)

Buckeye Term Albany NY 130,000 Bakken Operational

Partners LP (rail to

barge,

onward to

300,000 bpd

Irving Oil

refiner in

St. John,

New

Brunswick)

Sunoco Term Eagle Point NJ 40,000 (rail Bakken Operational

Logistics to barge)

Partners LP

Enbridge Inc Term Eddystone PA 80,000; can Bakken Operational

expand to

160,000

(rail to

barge)

Buckeye Term Perth Amboy NJ 40,000 Bakken Operational; in

Partners LP talks to position

facility to

handle Canadian

heavy crude,

possibly for

export; exploring

options to handle

natural gas

liquids as well

Phillips 66 Ref Linden NJ 70,000 bpd Bakken Operational

Global Term New Windsor NY 88,000; had Bakken Withdrew permit

Partners proposed application in

adding rail October 2014

infrastructu without

re to load explanation

railed-in

crude onto

tankers and

barges to

move to East

Coast

refineries

Global Term Albany NY 160,000 bpd Bakken Operational

Partners (includes

long-term

deal with

Phillips 66

Targa Term Baltimore MD 25,000 N/A Permit has

Resources preliminary

approval from

Maryland

regulators; final

approval pending

Monroe Ref Trainer PA 65,000, Bakken Monroe announced

Energy/Bridge unloaded at in July 2014 it

r LLC Enbridge's had entered a

Eddystone 5-year deal with

facility, Bridger to supply

then barged Bakken to the

to the refinery

refinery

GULF COAST

Company Name Type City State Capacity (bpd) Crude Status

Kinder Term Houston TX 210,000, Cushing Operational

Morgan, Watco expandable to Oklahoma,

Cos LLC; 250,000 bpd; West Texas,

long-term crude in by Bakken,

trade rail, out by Canadian

agreement barge and

with Mercuria pipeline;

condensate in

by barge, out

by rail

Plains All Term St. James LA 140,000 Niobrara Operational;

American adding

capability to

receive Canadian

heavy crude by

3Q 2015 to

coincide with

the company's

new rail loading

operation to

start up at the

same time in

Kerrobert,

Canada

Plains All Load Gardendale TX 25,000 Eagle Ford Operational

American Hub near

Cotulla

Genesis Load Wink TX 100,000 Permian Operational

Energy LP Basin

Cetane Energy Load Carlsbad NM 21,000; two Permian Operational;

LLC and Murex unit trains per Basin will expand to

LLC week up to 51,000 bpd

or five unit

trains per week

by July 2015

RIO Hub, Load Loving NM 10,000; Permian 10,000 bpd

Rangeland expandable to Basin by October 2014;

Energy more than expansion as per

100,000 customer demand

Genesis Term Walnut Hill FL 75,000 Bakken, Operational

Energy (near West Texas

Mobile Bay

AL)

Valero Ref St. James LA In 2013 was Bakken Operational

100,000 via

Capline to

180,000 bpd

Memphis,

Tennessee,

refinery;

amount has

declined by

undisclosed

amount

Sunoco Term Nederland TX 21,500 Bakken Operational

Logistics

Alon Energy Ref Krotz LA 6,000 (refinery Inland U.S, Operational

Springs 80,000 bpd) type

depends on

price

Genesis Term Natchez MS 85,000 Canadian Operational

Energy

NuStar Energy Term St. James LA Two unit train Bakken can Operational; in

facilities and handle talks to take

a manifest rail Canadian Canadian crude

facility, shipments; most

combined storage for

200,000 light crude, but

have four tanks

capable of fuel

oil or heated

crude storage

Canadian Term Port of AL 75,000, up to Canadian Operational

National Mobile 120 tank cars

Railway per day

and (offload crude,

Arc Terminals backhaul

condensate)

Petroplex Term St. James LA 70,000 Bakken, 1Q 2015

International Parish (engineering Canadian

LLC, head of and design for

a consortium bulk liquids

backed by terminal

Macquarie including unit

Group train)

and

others

Valero Ref Port Arthur TX 70,000 bpd Canadian Operational

and other

North

American

crudes

Valero Ref St. Charles LA 20,000 via Canadian, Operational;

rail, 35,000 with room seeking permit

bpd via barge to take to increase rail

from Hartford, some inland offloading

IL terminal U.S. capacity to

(refinery light-sweet 30,000

205,000 bpd)

Genesis Term Maryland LA 75,000 (near Bakken, Operational

Energy Exxon Mobil Eagle Ford,

(Scenic Corp's Canadian

Station) 502,500 bpd

refinery in

Baton Rouge)

GT Logistics Term Port Arthur TX 158,000 (rail Bakken, Operational

Omniport to barge) Canadian

Terminal

Jefferson Term Port of TX 70,000 (rail to Eagle Ford, Operational;

Energy Beaumont barge) Bakken, ramping up to

Transload (Orange Canadian 220,000 bpd;

Railport County started up

Terminal) heating

facilities for

railbit crude in

January 2015

Global Term Port Arthur TX 140,000 Canadian Awaiting permits

Partners and to begin

Kansas City construction;

Southern waterborne

terminal to have

initial storage

capacity of

340,000 barrels

Kinder Morgan Term Battlegroun TX 6,000 bpd N/A Operational

and d Oil initially

TransMontaign Specialty (unloading for

e Partners LP Terminal 12 cars,

Company LLC expandable to

(BOSTCO) 30 cars)

EOG Resources Load Harwood, TX Average 10,900 Eagle Ford, Operational

Barnhart from 89 Permian

and Fort shipments of

Worth about 45,000

barrels per

train in 2013

from all three

facilities

Navigator Load Big Spring TX 60,000 bpd Permian Targeted for

Energy Basin fourth quarter

Services 2014

Genesis Load Raceland LA 140,000 bpd Eagle Ford, End 2014;

Energy Bakken, rampup through

Canadian, 2H 2015

Permian

Basin,

Niobrara

Gulf Gateway Term New Orleans LA 75,000, rail to Canadian, Operational;

Terminal barge Eagle Ford expansion

(Murex LLC planned for more

and Bulk Canadian heavy

Resources) oil offloading

LBC Tank Term Geismar LA 10,000 Canadian Expanding

Terminals Industrial capacity to

Complex, offload

Sunshine undiluted

bitumen

Texas Term Galveston TX 90,000, rail to Bakken, Operational

International barge Canadian

Terminals

Atlas Oil Co Load La Feria TX 5,000 Eagle Ford Operational

Buckeye Texas Term, Corpus TX At least 70,000 Inland Under

Partners load Christi U.S., consideration;

(Buckeye Canadian may build unit

Partners and train loading

Tragifura) and offloading

capability near

terminal, could

receive heavy

Canadian and

send naphtha as

diluent back to

Canada

NGL Energy Load Milan, near NM Initially two San Juan 3Q 2015; will

Partners Albuquerque unit trans per Basin include 240,000

week, about barrels of

20,400 storage

Arc Logistics Term Chickasaw AL 9,000 U.S. inland Operational; bpd

Partners and includes

Canadian distillates,

fuel oil and

crude tall oil

Arc Logistics Term Saraland AL 14,000 U.S. Inland Operational

Partners and

Canadian

MIDCONTINENT

Company Name Type City State Capacity (bpd) Crude Status

Enbridge Load Berthold ND 120,000 Bakken Operational

Plains All Load Manitou ND 65,000 at Bakken Operational

American and Van Manitou; 65,000

Hook at Van Hook

Musket Corp Load Dore ND 60,000 Bakken Operational

EOG Resources Load Stanley ND 65,000 Bakken Operational

(Watco)

Hess Corp Load Tioga ND More than Bakken Operational

(Watco) 60,000

COLT hub, Load Epping ND 160,000 Bakken Operational

Crestwood

Midstream

Partners

Dakota Plains Load New Town ND 80,000 Bakken Operational

Holdings

Lario Load Near ND 100,000 Bakken Operational

Logistics, Dickinson expandable to

Bakken Oil 200,000

Express

Savage Load Trenton ND 175,000 Bakken Operational

Services

Great Load Fryburg ND 70,000 Bakken Operational

Northern

Midstream LLC

Global Basin Load Columbus ND 160,000 Bakken Operational

LP, Basin and Beulah

Transload LLC

Northstar Load McKenzie ND 100,000 Bakken Crude loading to

Transloading County start up in 1H

2015; inbound

loading for frac

sand,

construction

materials

operational

December 2014

Delek U.S. Ref El Dorado AR 25,000 light Inland Operational

Holdings U.S. or 12,000 U.S.,

Canadian. Can Canadian

also access

20,000 bpd of

light crude

offloading at a

third-party

facility

adjacent to the

refinery

(refinery

80,000 bpd)

HollyFrontier Ref Artesia NM 70,000 WTS, WTI, Operational

Corp (refinery Canadian

105,000 bpd)

Marquis Term Hayti MS 75,000 (rail to Bakken, Operational; to

Energy Miss. barge) Canadian increase to

150,000

Indigo Term Osceola AR 140,000 (rail Bakken, Startup in late

Resources to Miss. barge) Canadian 2014

SEACOR Term Sauget IL 65,000 (rail to Bakken, Operational

Holdings Inc (Gateway Miss. barge) Canadian

Terminals)

Savage Term Lordstown OH N/A Utica, when Awaiting

Services (transloading production takers

at Ohio ramps up

Commerce

Center,

expanding for

unit trains)

Kinder Term Stroud OK 65,000 bpd, Bakken Operational

Morgan, Watco offloading EOG

Companies output crude to

Hawthorn

Pipeline

Buckeye Load Chicago IL Crude arrives Bakken, Operational

Partners via pipeline, Canadian

loaded on

railcars to go

to West, East

and Gulf

coasts;

capacity

undisclosed

EnLink Load Frazeysburg OH 24,000, light Utica Operational

Midstream oil condensate

and various

(Black Run grades of crude

Rail

Terminal)

Enbridge Term Flanagan IL 140,000 Canadian If approved, as

early as 1Q 2016

PBF Energy Ref Toledo OH Approx 70,000 Bakken, Study to build

Canadian offloading

facility at

refinery under

way; truck rack

can take up to

16,000 bpd, can

receive unit

trains via third

party

Dakota Gold Load Stanley ND 70,000 Bakken Construction to

Transfer, start by late

Plaza 2014, high-speed

Terminal rail loading

available by 2H

2015

Phillips 66 Load Palermo, ND Initial Bakken, 4Q 2015; direct

Partners Mountrail capacity Canadian access to 76-mile

and County 100,000, can Sagagawea

Paradigm double in size Pipeline and rail

Energy to 200,000 access to the

Partners LLC East and West

coasts

Energy Load Patoka IL N/A, but will U.S. Inland Planning loading

Transfer handle unit facility to

Partners trains enable crude

delivery to East

Coast refineries

Enbridge Term Cushing OK 120,000 Primarily Under

Energy Canadian consideration;

Partners gauging shipper

interest; if

enough

commitments

secured, startup

in late 2016

Joliet Bulk Term Joliet IL 85,000; will Canadian Will receive

Barge & Rail supply Exxon crude via rail

LLC; to be Mobil's 238,600 from Kinder

acquired by bpd Joliet Morgan and Exxon

Arc Logistics refinery subsidiary

Partners LP Imperial Oil Ltd

in joint-venture

April 2015 210,000 bpd rail

loading facility

in Edmonton,

Alberta; startup

for Joliet

facility slated

for April 2015;

Project includes

April 2015

startup of an

affiliate's

4-mile, 20-inch

210,000 bpd

pipeline

connecting the

Joliet offloading

facility to

another pipeline

that feeds the

refinery;

terminal equipped

with heat and

steam capability

to increase

unloading times

ROCKIES

Company Name Type City State Capacity (bpd) Crude Status

Plains All Load Carr, Tampa CO 15,000 at Carr, Niobrara Both operational;

American 35,000 at Carr to expand

Tampa; both to by 1H 2015

expand to

68,000 (ships

to CA, LA)

Musket Corp Load Windsor CO Initially Niobrara Operational

16,000

expandable to

more than

30,000

Powder River Load Douglas WY 120,000 Bakken, Operational

Basin Niobrara,

Industrial Canadian

Complex LLC,

50/50 joint

venture of

Crestwood

Midstream

Partners and

Enersco

Midstream

LLC,

subsidiary of

Twin Eagle

Resource

Management

Eighty-Eight Load Guernsey WY 80,000 Bakken, Operational

Oil LLC; Niobrara,

operated by Canadian,

Strobel Big Horn

Starostka Basin,

Transfer Wyoming

Cogent Energy Load Casper WY 80,000 Niobrara, Operational; will

Solutions LLC Canadian, take excess crude

and Granite western from Spectra

Peak Bakken Energy Partners'

Development 280,000 bpd

LLC Canada-to-Wyoming

Express Pipeline

in Casper, where

it connects to

Spectra's 164,000

bpd Wyoming-to

Illinois Platte

Pipeline

Savage Load Price, Salt UT 9,000 at each Uinta Basin Operational

Services Lake City terminal

United Energy Load 7 sites in More than Bakken, Operational

Trading ND, CA, CO, 68,000 Niobrara,

WY, TX Eagle Ford,

Permian

Pronghorn, Load Douglas WY 70,000 Niobrara Operational

Genesis

Energy

Price River Load Wellington UT 15,000, Uinta Operational

Terminal; expandable to

Global One 40,000, and

Transport/Wat shipped first

co; Sunoco unit train in

Logistics in February 2014

May 2014

bought a 55

percent

interest

Meritage Load Wright WY 70,000; to Niobrara Operational;

Midstream/Arc expand to loaded first

h Coal (Black 120,000 70,000-barrel

Thunder unit train in

Terminal) June 2014;

expansion slated

for early 2015

Atlas Oil Co Load Evans CO 5,000 minimum Niobrara Operational; can

expand to

unit-train

capability as

production ramps

up

ARB Midstream Load Weld County CO 79,000; initial Niobrara Manifest 1Q 2015,

LLC near Evans truck unloading unit train

35,000 operations in

late 3Q 2015

Swan Ranch Load Cheyenne WY 70,000; Niobrara Operational

Cheyenne Rail initially one

Hub, Cogent unit train

Energy every four to

Solutions and five days

Granite Peak

Development

Eighty-Eight Load Fort WY 80,000 Niobrara Operational

Oil Laramie

Sources: Company filings, presentations and announcements; North Dakota Pipeline Authority

(Reporting by Kristen Hays in Houston; Editing by Terry Wade and Jim Marshall)