Hygge, woke and post-truth have been added to the Oxford English Dictionary

Ross McGuinness

Words and phrases such as ‘hygge’, ‘woke’ and ‘post-truth’ have been added to the Oxford English Dictionary.

In its update for June, one of four updates each year, the dictionary revealed that there have been more than 600 new additions in the past three months.

They include hygge (a word of Danish origin meaning cosiness and conviviality), woke (not awake but socially and politically aware) and post-truth (when facts are less influential in political debate than emotions).

Other new additions include ‘gin daisy’ (a type of cocktail), ‘baltic’ (extremely cold) and ‘widdly’ (used to describe an over-elaborate piece of music).

There is also a new word at the end of the dictionary, with ‘Zyzzyva’ (a type of tropical weevil native to South America) replacing ‘zythum’ (a kind of malt beer brewed in ancient Egypt) at the back of the book.

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Last November, the Oxford English Dictionaries announced post-truth as its Word of the Year, given the part it played in the US presidential election and Donald Trump’s run to the White House.

Hygge in action in Denmark (Picture: Rex)
Hygge in action in Denmark (Picture: Rex)

Casper Grathwohl, president of Oxford Dictionaries, said at the time: ‘It’s not surprising that our choice reflects a year dominated by highly-charged political and social discourse.

‘Fuelled by the rise of social media as a news source and a growing distrust of facts offered up by the establishment, post-truth as a concept has been finding its linguistic footing for some time.

‘We first saw the frequency really spike this year in June with buzz over the Brexit vote and again in July when Donald Trump secured the Republican presidential nomination.

‘Given that usage of the term hasn’t shown any signs of slowing down, I wouldn’t be surprised if post-truth becomes one of the defining words of our time.’