India to unveil new monetary policy framework by end-Jan - govt source

An employee counts rupee currency notes inside a private money exchange office in New Delhi July 5, 2013. REUTERS/Adnan Abidi/Files (Reuters)

By Manoj Kumar NEW DELHI (Reuters) - India will unveil a new monetary policy framework by the end of January 2015, a finance ministry official said on Tuesday, making it easier for the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) to focus on tamping down persistently high inflation. India has long struggled with prices rising at double digit levels annually, causing most distress for the poor. Consumer price inflation slowed to 7.8 percent in August, making the central bank more confident that a near-term target of 8 percent inflation in January would be met. An RBI panel this year proposed moving to a medium-term inflation target of 4 percent, with a band of 2 percent on either side, when setting monetary policy, sharply below current levels. The recommendation had stirred concern about a potential clash with the traditionally more pro-growth government. Although the RBI is not statutorily independent from the government, it has long enjoyed wide latitude in policy-making. The reforms foresee a panel-based approach that is standard international practice but, as in Britain, would require the RBI to adhere to an inflation target set by the government, known in the jargon as operational independence. Finance Minister Arun Jaitley, in his maiden budget in July, promised to revamp the monetary policy framework to meet the challenge of an increasingly complex economy. "It has to be put in place not later than December-January because it is a budget announcement," the official, who asked not to be identified because of the sensitivity of the matter, told reporters. "We have completed our internal work. And the (RBI) Governor and the finance secretary had some conversations." The finance ministry and the RBI are soon expected to sign a formal agreement on the issue, the official said. RBI Governor Raghuram Rajan has already said he wanted to bring down consumer price inflation to 8 percent in January 2015 and a more difficult 6 percent the following year, in line with the "glide path" recommended by the central bank panel. However, the official said it was up to the government to set the new inflation target. "What is the appropriate inflation target for India, cannot be decided by the RBI. It has to be decided by the government," he said, adding it could consult with parliament and the central bank before setting the target. This effectively means the RBI would not enjoy the independence enjoyed by the U.S. Federal Reserve, which has latitude to set an inflation target as part of a broader legal mandate to achieve full employment and stable prices. Rajan sent a strong signal last week that he would refrain from cutting interest rates until he was confident the inflation target for January 2016 could be met. (Writing by Rajesh Kumar Singh; Editing by Douglas Busvine and Clarence Fernandez)