John Terry has been included in England's 23-man squad for Euro 2012 despite facing trial after the tournament for allegedly racially abusing Rio Ferdinand's footballer brother Anton.
Rio Ferdinand , who has been Terry's long-time central defensive partner in the national side, was left out, as was widely predicted.
England's new manager Roy Hodgson said his decision on the Manchester United player "was based purely on football and nothing else".
He said: "I had to decide on the basis of what I have seen in recent months and in particular, influenced to some extent by the fact Rio hasn't played so much since the World Cup and has only played once for England in the last year."
Ferdinand later hinted that Hodgson's decision to omit him marked the end of his international career.
He wrote on his Twitter account : "Absolutely loved playing for England. To say I'm gutted is an understatement of the highest order."
The Football Association's decision to strip Chelsea's Terry of the England captaincy in February over his alleged abuse of QPR defender Anton Ferdinand led to coach Fabio Capello quitting.
Hodgson said: "If we take the court case first of all, that's obviously very unfortunate for him but we must emphasise he is an innocent man until such time as he is proven guilty.
"My decision with John Terry was based purely on footballing matters, I was given a free hand as to the squad I picked.
"I realised that when I selected him there would be people who would raise eyebrows but that's the decision that I've made, that's the decision I shall live with."
The line-up was announced just hours before Liverpool sacked its manager Kenny Dalglish , a role previously held by Hodgson.
Hodgson also sprang a couple of surprises, handing Arsenal teenager Alex Oxlade-Chamberlain and Norwich goalkeeper John Ruddy their first senior call-ups.
Former Arsenal and England defender Kenny Sansom told Sky News: "Rio is a fantastic footballer but the aggravation with his brother Anton and John Terry maybe should have been dealt with by now and maybe we wouldn't be talking about this situation.
"But John Terry - I don't think you can leave someone like him out the squad. He's a fantastic player, a great captain, even though he won't be captain at the championships.
"He's just a great character to have on the pitch and around the dressing room."
The tournament is being held in Poland and Ukraine and runs from June 8 to July 1.
England begin their campaign against France on June 11, followed by matches against Sweden and Ukraine.
Sansom said of England's chances in the tournament: "If they'll do their job it can be a great winning combination.
"England has got some fantastic players. He's only picked seven defenders. He's got the three goalkeepers. John Ruddy from Norwich will be over the moon.
"Oxlade-Chamberlain - I think there's going to be a lot of people saying that's a surprise, but for me he's bright, he's young, he's something a little bit different for me.
"He can take people on and he can play on the right and left, so I think that's a very good inclusion."
"He has obviously gone for experience as well with Steven Gerrard and Frank Lampard. That looks okay to me." he added.
Hodgson also named Gerrard as England captain for Euro 2012.
Birmingham keeper Jack Butland was among the list of five standby players, which also included Adam Johnson, Daniel Sturridge, Phil Jagielka and Jordan Henderson.
The full squad:
Goalkeepers - Green (West Ham), Hart (Man City) Ruddy (Norwich).
Defenders - Baines (Everton), Cahill (Chelsea), Cole (Chelsea), Johnson (Liverpool), Jones (Man Utd), Lescott (Man City), Terry (Chelsea).
Midfielders - Barry (Man City), Downing (Liverpool), Gerrard (Liverpool), Lampard (Chelsea), Milner (Man City), Parker (Tottenham), Oxlade-Chamberlain (Arsenal), Walcott (Arsenal), Young (Man Utd).
Forwards - Carroll (Liverpool), Rooney (Man Utd), Welbeck (Man Utd), Defoe (Tottenham).