Demonstrations were held Tuesday in at least eight cities across Mexico to protest the killings of three journalists in the the last two weeks.
In the border city of Tijuana two journalists have been killed in the space of a week. On Jan. 17, crime photographer Margarito Martínez was gunned down outside his home. And on Jan. 23, reporter Lourdes Maldonado López was found shot to death inside her car.
Early Tuesday, news photographers laid their cameras on the ground outside Mexico City’s National Palace. The spot was decorated with flowers, small signs saying “Press, don’t shoot!” and photos of Maldonado, Martínez, and José Luis Gamboa, who died in the Gulf coast state of Veracruz on Jan. 10.
Inside the palace, President Andrés Manuel López Obrador faced journalists at his daily news briefing and promised again those responsible for the latest slaying would be punished, that there would not be impunity.
But precedent is not encouraging. López Obrador’s Interior Undersecretary Alejandro Encinas said recently that more than 90% of murders of journalists and rights defenders remain unresolved, despite a government system meant to protect them.
The New York-based Committee to Protect Journalists puts the percentage at 95%, said its Mexico representative Jan-Albert Hootsen.
Protests were also held in the states of Veracruz, San Luis Potosí, Durango and Nayarit, with dozens of journalists gathering under placards reading “Not one more journalist killed,” and “The Truth can’t be killed.”
Mexico remains the most dangerous place in the Western Hemisphere for journalists, despite the government’s pledge to protect them. Some of the journalists killed recently had been under a government protection program that many say is insufficient.
In 2019, Maldonado came to López Obrador’s daily morning news briefing and asked for his support, help and labor justice. “Because I fear for my life,” she said.
Maldonado had been locked in a years-long labor dispute with Jaime Bonilla, who was elected governor of Baja California later that year as a candidate from López Obrador’s Morena party. He left office late last year.
Maldonado had recently announced that she won her dispute with a media company Bonilla owned after nine years of litigation.
Maldonado had collaborated with many outlets, but recently was doing a internet, radio and television show, “Brebaje,” focused on local news.
Martínez, the photographer gunned down outside his home, was well-known for covering the crime scene in violence-plagued Tijuana. He worked for the local news outlet Cadena Noticias, as well as for other national and international media outlets.
Sonia de Anda, an activist with a Tijuana journalists’ group, said “we are emotionally devastated” by the killings.
“We go out and work, because we have to,” De Anda said, while noting there is “a lot of fear.”
The first journalist killed this year, José Luis Gamboa, was the director of the online news site Inforegio, in the Gulf coast state of Veracruz. The press group Reporters Without Borders wrote that “Gamboa had denounced and strongly criticized the relations between local authorities and organized crime.”
He had reportedly suffered stab wounds in what may have been a robbery. He died at a hospital in the state capital on Jan. 10, but his relatives were not informed until Jan. 14.
Almost 50 journalists have been slain in Mexico since December 2018.
Encinas has said that in cases where the culprits have been identified, almost half are local officials.
Local officials in Mexico are often angered by corruption accusations against them, but in some cases they are also in league with criminal or business interests.
Sometimes media attention intensifies, as in the case of the murder of well-known journalist Javier Valdez in Sinaloa state in 2017, and there are arrests, trials and sentences. In Valdez’s case, two men who carried out the murder are serving sentences and the Attorney General’s Office has requested the extradition of the alleged mastermind, a drug trafficker in U.S. custody.
But that is an exception.
For more than three decades the Tijuana news outlet Zeta has published a black page in every edition to demand the mastermind of the murder of one of its founders in 1988 be brought to justice.
At Zeta, there has been a 34-year wait for justice for founder Héctor Félix Miranda. They also wait for resolution of the attempted murder of another Zeta founder Jesús Blancornelas in 1997, in which his bodyguard Luis Valero was killed. In 2004, another Zeta editor was killed, Francisco Javier Ortiz.
“We’re going to go out to protest, we’re going to cry, we’re going to suffer,” Zeta’s top editor Adela Navarro said on the streaming program “The Journalists.”