Libya’s eastern administration on Tuesday officially handed over power to a new executive that is meant to unify the war-torn country and steer it towards elections late this year.
The Government of National Unity (GNU), selected through a UN-supported process, is the latest internationally backed bid to end a decade of chaos in the North African nation and unite rival administrations.
Led by interim Prime Minister Abdul Hamid Dbeibah, the GNU replaces both the Tripoli-based Government of National Accord (GNA) and a parallel cabinet headquartered in the Cyrenaica region and not recognised by the international community.
The key eastern region has been under the de facto control of forces of military strongman Khalifa Haftar.
Tuesday’s handover of power took place at the seat of the parallel eastern government, headed until now by Abdallah al-Thani, in Libya’s second city Benghazi.
Hussein Attiya al-Gotrani, one of Dbeibah’s two deputy premiers, and several ministers who had come from the capital Tripoli, including Interior Minister Khaled Mazen, represented the GNU, an AFP correspondent said.
“The period of division is over,” Gotrani was quoted by local media as saying. “The Government of National Unity is at the service of all Libyans, whatever their region.”
France to reopen embassy
Later Tuesday, President Emmanuel Macron said France would reopen its embassy in the Libyan capital next week.
“From Monday our embassy in Tripoli will reopen and our ambassador can return to your territory,” he told the visiting chairman of Libya’s presidency council, Mohamed al-Manfi, in Paris.
The embassy had been officially closed since July 2014.
“I want here to show you all my support and that of France for the new Libyan unified authorities that emerged from the transition process,” said Macron.
“We have a debt towards Libya and the Libyans for a decade of disorder,” he said, adding that regional stability would be impossible without peace in Libya.
Libya descended into conflict after dictator Muammar Gaddafi was toppled and killed in a NATO-backed uprising in 2011, with an array of forces battling to fill the void.
Dbeibah was sworn in last week after parliament approved his cabinet in a move hailed by key leaders and foreign powers as “historic”.
Other countries including Egypt and Malta have also announced their intention to reopen embassies in Tripoli.
The interim executive faces daunting challenges to unify the country’s institutions, end a decade of fighting marked by international interference and prepare for elections on December 24.
Tuesday’s handover came a week after Fayez al-Sarraj, the outgoing head of the western-based GNA, formally ceded power to the new unity administration.
Sarraj and his UN-recognised GNA had never won the support of the eastern-based authorities.
Strongman Haftar has not officially taken part in the political negotiations.