Mark Zuckerberg was warned that he risks being remembered as “a genius who created a digital monster”, by a senior member of the European Parliament, where the Facebook founder and chief executive was answering questions on a massive data leak affecting millions of users.
Guy Verhofstadt said that the only way for scandals surrounding the social media giant to subside would be for its services to be split apart.
“I really think we have a big problem here and it won’t be fixed by saying we will fix itself,” the parliament’s chief Brexit negotiator said. “Could you and would you cooperate with European Antitrust authorities?”
The Belgian MEP went on to suggest that Facebook’s dominance could be stifled by splitting it from Facebook messenger.
Down one road he would be remembered as a pioneer who created technology for good, “like Steve Jobs”, down the other his legacy would be that of “a genius who created a digital monster.”
German MEP Manfred Weber said it was “time to discuss breaking Facebook’s monopoly”.
It was up to Mr Zuckerberg to convince him that this measure is not necessary, he said.
Mr Zuckerberg replied that Facebook existed “in a very competitive space where people use a lot of different tools for communication”.
He added: “From where I sit it feels like there are new competitors coming up every day … That feels like a competitive market.”
However, when he appeared before the US Congress in April, he was unable to name a rival service offering similar functionality as his social network.
Both hearings were seeking answers in the wake of the data scandal surrounding Facebook and the UK data firm Cambridge Analytica, which filed for bankruptcy earlier this month.
Around 87 million Facebook users had their personal information improperly shared with the UK firm. The data was then used for the purpose of political profiling during the 2016 US presidential elections and the UK’s EU referendum that same year.
Facebook has more than 2.2 billion users worldwide and dwarfs any other online social network.
Beyond its core social network business, Facebook and its various subsidiaries now have direct influence over almost half of all internet traffic.
The call from the MEPs to break up Facebook’s monopoly comes as advocacy groups in the US urged the Federal Trade Commission to do the same thing.
A how-to guide to reduce corporate and political surveillance on Facebook. https://t.co/4PnaaFkDLn— Freedom From Facebook (@FacebookBreakup) 21 May 2018
The Freedom from Facebook campaign claims the company has too much power and has become a fundamental threat to democracy.
“Facebook unilaterally decides the news that billions of people around the world see every day,” the campaign’s website states. “It buys up or bankrupts potential competitors to protect its monopoly, killing innovation and choice. It tracks us almost everywhere we go on the web and, through our smartphones, even where we go in the real world.
“And it is spending millions on corporate lobbyists, academics, and think tanks to ensure no one gets in their way. Enough.”