Two Nasa astronauts are getting ready to make the first splashdown return in 45 years.
Robert Behnken and Douglas Hurley are set to come back to Earth from the International Space Station on Sunday, amid threats of a looming hurricane.
The duo made history on May 30 when they became the first people to launch into low-Earth orbit on a commercial spacecraft that was built by SpaceX.
Their mission, named Demo-2, also marked the first time Nasa launched astronauts from US soil in nine years.
Teams from @NASA & @SpaceX continue to monitor weather, but we’re still on track for departure this weekend. Looking forward to climbing back into Endeavour for our trip home. #LandAmerica https://t.co/7IcG3WC4D6 pic.twitter.com/L93VCaIan2
— Bob Behnken (@AstroBehnken) July 31, 2020
The US space agency said plans are moving forward to bring the astronauts home, with the splashdown expected to occur just off the coast of Florida.
The pair are scheduled to undock from the space station at around 7:34pm ET (12:30am UK time), and travel in SpaceX’s astronaut carrier, the Crew Dragon, before splashdown at 2:42 pm ET (7:42pm UK time).
Nasa said it will continue to monitor Hurricane Isaias as it edges close to south Florida over the weekend.
Mr Behnken told reporters during a press conference on Friday: “We won’t leave the space station without some good landing opportunities in front of us, good splashdown weather.”
Get to know this dynamic duo through some banter captured before the mission. 🎬 Action! pic.twitter.com/jqUUD5dKAq
— Johnson Space Center (@NASA_Johnson) July 30, 2020
The last time astronauts made an ocean landing was on July 1975 during an Apollo mission.
Since then, spacemen have always landed on terra firma, using Nasa’s Space Shuttle or the Russian space agency’s Soyuz capsules.
If all goes to plan, the splashdown will usher in a new era for Nasa, which will have at least one commercial spacecraft ready to launch astronauts into space from US soil.
The splashdown is the final step in the mission designed to test SpaceX’s human spaceflight system – including launch, docking, splashdown, and recovery operations.
In a post-launch conference back in May, Elon Musk – who is the founder of SpaceX – said was was not keen to “declare victory yet”, emphasising that the “return can be more dangerous than the ascent”.
Mr Musk said at that time: “We need to bring them home safely and make sure that we are doing everything we can to minimise that risk of reentry.”
Shortly after undocking, the Crew Dragon perform will perform several manoeuvres that will lower the capsule’s orbit and get it closer to the splashdown zone.
Sometime later, the spacecraft will perform another manoeuvre, known as deorbit burn, which will place the it on a trajectory for splashdown, travelling at a speed of approximately 17,500 miles per hour.
On entering the Earth’s atmosphere, the Crew Dragon will face scorching temperatures of around 1,900C as it deploys parachutes to slow its speed down to around 119 miles per hour, before landing on the ocean.
✔️ Launch✔️ 2 months on the @Space_Station⭕ Undocking⭕ Splashdown#LaunchAmerica crew @AstroBehnken & @Astro_Doug are getting ready to head back home this weekend on board the @SpaceX Dragon Endeavour. Tune in for the details tomorrow at 10:45am ET: https://t.co/f53VfBBdk4 pic.twitter.com/0VYIxYP2le
— NASA (@NASA) July 30, 2020
The re-entry will create a communications blackout between the spacecraft and Earth that is expected to last approximately six minutes, Nasa said.
Two SpaceX recovery ships, the Go Searcher and the Go Navigator, made up of spacecraft engineers, recovery experts and medical professionals, will be waiting to pull the capsule on board and help the astronauts get out as they begin readjusting to gravity.
The re-entry will mark the end of SpaceX’s human spaceflight demonstration mission.
The aerospace company’s first operational flight is expected to take place in September, where a second Crew Dragon spacecraft will carry four astronauts to the space station.
Meanwhile, the capsule that carried Mr Hurley and Mr Behnken into space will be refurbished and launched during SpaceX’s second operational crewed mission, Crew 2, which will take place early next year.