The Titan Airways flight was travelling from Stansted Airport on Sunday morning when the captain declared an emergency before diverting to Amsterdam Schiphol Airport.
Video footage shows passengers on board the Boeing 767 forced to wear oxygen masks as the drama unfolded.
The mayday call was made at 9.43am due to depressurisation and the plane touched down in the Dutch capital at about 10am, Airlive reported.
None of the 272 people on board the charter flight were hurt.
A spokesman for Titan Airways said: “On Sunday a Boeing 767-300 aircraft operated by Titan Airways experienced a cabin air pressure problem whilst en-route from London/Stansted to Rzeszów in Poland.
"The Captain declared an emergency to the air traffic control authorities and immediately diverted to Amsterdam Schiphol Airport.
“There were no injuries amongst the passengers and crew but on arrival the aircraft was met by emergency service personnel as a precaution to ensure the welfare of the passengers.
“Whilst such events are rare, all Titan Airways crew undergo regular rigorous training in accordance with EU EASA regulations to ensure they manage such situations successfully.
“Titan Airways are now working with the passengers on their further travel plans.”
The flight was believed to be taking Jewish passengers on an annual pilgrimage to the tombstone of Rabbi Elimelech Weisblum.