Beating off competition from the likes of "Kyiv", "sportswashing" and "partygate", the term "permacrisis" was this week named Britain's word of the year in recognition of a dismal 2022. Collins Dictionary defines the word as "an extended period of instability and insecurity".
The entry of the term "permacrisis" into common usage reflects the upheaval caused by Brexit, the Covid pandemic, severe weather, the war in Ukraine, political turmoil and a cost-of-living crisis.
"Permacrisis sums up quite succinctly just how truly awful 2022 has been for many people," said Collins Learning managing director Alex Beecroft.
The arrival of Kyiv as the preferred variant to the Russian spelling of "Kiev" pointed to the UK's support for Ukraine against Moscow's invasion.
"Sportswashing" refers to the staging of high-profile sports events, or the takeover of well-known teams, by unsavoury regimes.
New royal adjective
Britain is now on its third prime minister of 2022 – and also has a new monarch in King Charles III.
Derived from the Latin for Charles, the term "Carolean" entered the Collins list after his mother Queen Elizabeth II's death last month.
Read more on RFI English
Non-fungible tokens arrive in French as Larousse welcomes 150 new words
US dictionary Merriam-Webster updates definition of racism
Le Robert French dictionary opens heated debate with non-binary 'iel' pronoun