CHARLES DARWIN: Darwin (1809-1882) was an English naturalist and geologist who came up with the idea that all species of life have descended over time from common ancestors through a process of ... more 
CHARLES DARWIN: Darwin (1809-1882) was an English naturalist and geologist who came up with the idea that all species of life have descended over time from common ancestors through a process of natural selection. Darwin began to notice how individuals of the same species vary and this led to the development of his ideas. He identified that species come and go through time and while they exist they change, so that species multiply and diverge to create new species. Darwin theorised that although all species descend from common ancestors, evolutionary change occurs through variation between individuals, with some variants giving the individual extra probability to survive.
Darwin, who had a keen interest in nature from childhood, initially studied as a doctor but was sent to Cambridge by his father to do a Bachelor of Arts degree. After his studies he took up an offer to be a ‘naturalist’ on a ship which undertook a five year expedition around South America. It was here that he spent time investigating geology and creating natural history collections. When he returned he was already well known in scientific circles through his work on the ship which set him on his way to become a gentleman scientist.
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Thu, Feb 20, 2014 13:00 GMT