Jeremy Corbyn’s readmission to the Labour Party marks another extraordinary chapter in his peculiar political career.
The 71-year-old’s suspension last month marked a fall from grace after what many felt was an incredible rise up the Labour ranks following years on the backbenches.
The veteran rebel was put forward for the leadership by fellow left wingers as it was seen as “his turn” to stand, with seemingly little hope of success, after Ed Miliband quit in the wake of taking the party to defeat in 2015 against David Cameron.
I am pleased to have been reinstated in the Labour Party and would like to thank party members, trade unionists and all who have offered solidarity.
Our movement must now come together to oppose and defeat this deeply damaging Conservative government.
— Jeremy Corbyn (@jeremycorbyn) November 17, 2020
But something unusual happened: Mr Corbyn appeared to catch a mood on the centre left as Labour members insisted they needed a more “genuine” leader.
The opposition to the Corbyn surge was also fractured when neither Yvette Cooper or Andy Burnham was willing to stand down to try and blunt the rise of the Corbynistas.
The result was that, in September 2015, Mr Corbyn romped home on the first ballot with a commanding 59.5% of the vote.
The bulk of the Parliamentary Labour Party was perplexed at the turn of events, though the majority of the rapidly swelling membership was delighted.
Tensions soon exploded over the June 2016 Brexit referendum.
Critics accused Mr Corbyn of not taking the situation seriously enough, and polls showed that 40% of Labour supporters did not know where their party stood on the key issue as the closely fought referendum loomed into view.
In the aftermath of the surprise Brexit vote, Mr Corbyn faced a shadow cabinet rebellion led by then-shadow foreign secretary Hilary Benn.
Mr Corbyn moved quickly to sack the son of former left wing standard bearer Tony Benn, which led to a mass exodus from the shadow cabinet.
The Labour leader refused to be bowed, and appointed supporters to fill the vacant spaces as he saw off a challenge to his leadership by Owen Smith, increasing his backing among party members in the process with 61.8% support in the contest.
Mr Corbyn was re-elected Labour leader with a bigger mandate than before, and then faced Theresa May’s snap general election in June 2017.
Despite some early polls putting Labour more than 20 points behind the Tories, the party received its biggest election upsurge since 1945 and helped deprive Mrs May of a parliamentary majority.
Mr Corbyn used the electoral boost to solidify his position, but continuing controversy over the way Labour was dealing with anti-Semitism allegations among members dogged the party.
The Labour leader tried to walk a tightrope on Brexit in the run-up to the snap December 2019 general election, insisting he would seek new terms on EU membership, but refusing to say which option he would back in a subsequent referendum.
Boris Johnson’s blunt “get Brexit done” message smashed all before it, and Mr Corbyn’s hopes of a socialist victory were left buried under the collapse of Labour’s so-called “red wall” in Wales and Northern England.
In recent months he was even overshadowed by his older brother, conspiracy theorist Piers Corbyn, who appeared to command more attention by addressing crowds at an anti-mask, anti-vaccination, anti-5G protest.
But the publication of the damning Equality and Human Rights Commission (EHRC) report in October which found that Labour had broken the law in its handling of anti-Semitism complaints thrust Jeremy Corbyn’s tenure at the helm back into the spotlight.
His claim afterwards that the scale of anti-Semitism in the party was “dramatically overstated for political reasons” by opponents and “much of the media” led to him being suspended and having the whip withdrawn.
The former opposition leader later sought to clarify the remarks, and he acknowledged ahead of a meeting of the NEC disputes committee on Tuesday that concerns around anti-Semitism in Labour were not “exaggerated”.
Mr Corbyn said he was pleased to have been readmitted, but while the move will heal splits within some fringes of the party, it will reignite tensions in others.