Unions are unhappy and the offer has been described as a ‘real terms pay cut’ given that the UK is experiencing a cost of living crisis, with inflation rates reaching record highs and energy bills soaring.
And, just months ago, MPs received pay rises of £2,212 despite the crisis and thousands of families being plunged into poverty due to a steep hike in living expenses.
Here’s everything you need to know about the pay rise figures and what they actually work out to.
What will teachers, armed forces, NHS staff, and police get in the 2022 public sector pay rise?
Each sector has been offered a different pay rise figure and percentage, which you can find below.
NHS staff pay rise 2022
The government website states that over one million NHS staff will be receiving a pay rise of ‘at least’ £1,400.
Those earning the least, including porters and cleaners, will see a 9.3% uplift in their basic pay in 2022, compared to pay in 2021. This will work out to roughly £27 extra per week, which is unlikely to significantly help amid a cost of living crisis.
Meanwhile, nurses, paramedics, midwives and other lower paid NHS staff members will see a pay rise of roughly 3.7%, which works out to a real-terms pay cut for NHS workers given the rise in inflation and living costs.
There will also be a 4.5% pay rise for eligible doctors and dentists “within the Doctors and Dentists’ Remuneration Body (DDRB) remit”.
Pay rise for teachers 2022
The government has announced that teachers will receive a pay rise of 5% from September, 2022, with those who have over five years of experience receiving an additional £2,100 added to their £42,400 average annual salary.
However, this works out to just £40 extra per week, on average.
New teachers will also see higher starting salaries, with an 8.9% uplift on annual pay. Education Secretary James Cleverly said: “We are delivering significant pay increases for all teachers despite the present economic challenges, pushing teacher starting salaries up towards the £30,000 milestone and giving experienced teachers the biggest pay rise in a generation.”
There are now talks of potential strikes in autumn over the pay rise figures, with many arguing 5% for more experienced staff is too low.
Prison staff pay rise 2022
Prison staff are set to receive a base pay increase of 4%, according to Justice Secretary Dominic Raab. This pay rise will be put in place in autumn, and will also be backdated to April 1, 2022.
New recruits will, however, get more at around £2,500 extra per year, in a bid to encourage more people to join – with a goal of recruiting 5,000 new prison officers by 2024.
Police pay rise 2022
Officers across England and Wales will be receiving a salary increase of £1,900 from September 1, 2022, which works out to 5% and more than NHS staff are receiving.
This uplift will work out to an extra £36 per week, while new recruits will be receiving an increase worth 8.8%. In a similar vein to the government’s vision for prison staff, the increase in starting salaries is in a bid to attract 8,000 extra officers for this financial year.
Who decides public sector pay rises and how are they determined?
Public sector workers are paid with the taxpayers’ money, the distribution of which is decided by the government. So, the UK government is in charge of deciding the pay of teachers, NHS workers and other public sector employees.
Though the process involves several stages, with independent pay review bodies helping to inform the decisions.
The secretary of state in the public sector areas gathers advice from the bodies, in which the state of the labour market, affordability and retention are taken into account.
These are then weighed up against how much funding has been given to the departments by the Treasury.
Also taken into account are the views of trade unions and employers, before the government puts in its first formal pay offer.
Review bodies then recommend what the level of pay should be, and while these are often accepted by the secretaries of state, there have been times where these have been overridden.