Who was the Queen Mother? When was she born, what was her full name, and where was she from?

·3-min read
Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother celebrating her 100th birthday from the balcony of Buckingham Palace with her daughter, Queen Elizabeth II  (PA Archive)
Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother celebrating her 100th birthday from the balcony of Buckingham Palace with her daughter, Queen Elizabeth II (PA Archive)

Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother was the mother of Queen Elizabeth II, who died on September 8, 2022.

Queen Elizabeth II’s coffin arrived at Buckingham Palace on September 13, after a flight from Scotland, escorted by Princess Royal.

An RAF C17 aircraft carrying the casket touched down at RAF Northolt, in west London, following a flight from Edinburgh.

It was taken in a state hearse to Buckingham Palace, where it was met by King Charles III and other members of the Royal Family, including the Duke and the Duchess of Sussex.

On Wednesday, September 14, the Queen’s coffin arrived at the Palace of Westminster, after a sombre procession from Buckingham Palace, that saw the late monarch leave the palace at 2:22 pm, and arrive at Westminster Hall shortly after 3 pm.

The Queen’s lying in state begins at 5 pm on Wednesday, and will continue until 6.30 am on Monday - the day of the Queen’s funeral.

But who was Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother, and where was she born?

Here’s everything you need to know.

Who was the Queen Mother and what was her name?

The Queen Mother was the mother of Queen Elizabeth II and the widow of King George VI.

She was born the Honourable Elizabeth Angela Marguerite Bowes-Lyon on August 4, 1900, and was the fourth daughter of Lord Glamis, later 14th Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne.

The Queen Mother spent her early childhood at St Paul’s Waldenbury, in Hertfordshire, north of London, which was the country home of her parents. When her father inherited an earldom in 1904, she became Lady Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon.

The Bowes-Lyon family is descended from the Royal House of Scotland, and one of the Queen Mother’s 14th-century ancestors, Sir John Lyon, became the Thane of Glamis.

Where was the Queen Mother born?

The Queen Mother passed away on March 30, 2002, aged 101, yet a mystery still surrounds her exact birthplace – and it’s possible she was born in a horse-drawn ambulance.

Where was the Queen Mother from and what was her background?

The Queen Mother was the youngest daughter of 10 children born to Claude Bowes-Lyon, Lord Glamis, and Cecilia Cavendish-Bentinck.

She was appointed Lady of the Garter on December 14, 1936 and, at the time of his coronation, the King also appointed her as the first ever Lady of the Thistle.

The Queen Mother also received a number of orders, decorations, and medals, both in this country and from overseas, throughout her life.

Lady Elizabeth was educated at home and, by the age of 10, she became fluent in French. When the First World War began, which happened to be on her 14th birthday, Glamis Castle became a hospital.

Although Lady Elizabeth was too young to work as a nurse, she assisted with welfare work. One of her brothers, Fergus, was killed at the Battle of Loos, in 1915.