The Government’s rail announcement is a significant shift away from previous plans and recommendations.
Here the PA news agency looks at what was previously promised or recommended for HS2 and Northern Powerhouse Rail, and what is being delivered.
– HS2 to Leeds
Previous plan: The high-speed line was due to be extended from the West Midlands to Leeds. This would have cut journey times between London and Leeds to one hour and 21 minutes.
New plan: HS2 will only be built as far as a new East Midlands Parkway station, around six miles south-west of Nottingham. That means London-Leeds journey times will be one hour and 53 minutes, some 32 minutes longer than planned.
– HS2 at Nottingham and Derby
Previous plan: HS2 passengers travelling to and from the cities would be required to change trains at a proposed station at Toton. This would result in journey times to and from London of one hour and 23 minutes.
New plan: HS2 trains will run directly into central Nottingham and Derby, cutting London journey times to 58 minutes.
– HS2 at Manchester
Previous plan: Extend the line from Crewe to Manchester
New plan: No change
– Northern Powerhouse Rail (NPR)
Previous recommendation: Transport for the North recommended in June that new lines should be built between Liverpool and Leeds via Manchester and Bradford.
New plan: A new line will be built between Warrington, Cheshire and Marsden, West Yorkshire. Existing lines on the remainder of the route between Liverpool and Leeds will be upgraded.
– NPR at Leeds
Previous plan: Reduce Leeds-Manchester journey times to 29 minutes.
New plan: Journeys will take 33 minutes.
– NPR at Bradford
Previous plan: Reduce Bradford-Leeds journeys to eight minutes.
New plan: Journey will take 12 minutes.
– NPR at Liverpool
Previous recommendation: Reduce Liverpool-Manchester journey times to 29 minutes.
New plan: Journeys will take 35 minutes.
– Transpennine route between Manchester and York
Previous plan: Partial electrification of the route, partial digital signalling, one section where the line has four tracks.
New plan: Electrify and install digital signalling on the entire route, add longer sections with three and four tracks to allow fast trains to overtake stopping services.
– Midland Main Line between London and Sheffield
Previous plan: Only electrify the line as far north as Market Harborough, Leicestershire.
New plan: Electrify the entire route up to Sheffield.