Romney breaks ranks with Republicans and votes to convict Trump

Republican Senator Mitt Romney issued a scathing criticism of Donald Trump on Wednesday as he broke with his party and voted to convict the U.S. president for abuse of power in his impeachment trial.

Romney, the 2012 Republican presidential nominee, said he believes Trump was guilty of “an appalling abuse of public trust" when he pressured Ukraine's leaders to investigate political foe Joe Biden.

The Utah senator noted that as a “profoundly religious” person, he was bound by the oath senators took to administer impartial justice. “My faith is at the heart of who I am,” he said.

Romney announced his decision during an eight-minute speech on the Senate floor, as Romney became the first senator to bolt what so far has been a strict party-line divide over whether to oust Trump. The two men have had a tumultuous relationship since Trump began his successful presidential campaign.

"What he did was not 'perfect,'" Romney said on the Senate floor, as Trump has described his call with Ukraine's president that was at the heart of the scandal. "No, it was a flagrant assault on our electoral rights, our national security and our fundamental values. Corrupting an election to keep one's self in office is perhaps the most abusive and destructive violation of one's oath of office that I can imagine."

The Republican-controlled Senate was scheduled to hold its historic vote at 4pm EST (2100 GMT) on whether to convict Trump on charges of abuse of power and obstruction of Congress arising from his dealings with Ukraine in only the third presidential impeachment trial in US history.

The Democratic-led House of Representatives approved the charges on December 18, 2019.

Romney, a moderate and elder statesman in his party, is the only Republican senator to announce that he plans to vote to remove Trump from office.

The impeachment drama that has consumed Washington since September will come to an end with Wednesday's vote, allowing Trump to pivot toward campaigning for the November election.

While the vote is historic, the outcome of acquittal appears assured. A two-thirds majority vote would be necessary to remove him. Republicans hold 53 of the Senate's 100 seats, and none of them has called for conviction. Trump, America's 45th president, would have to turn over his office to Vice President Mike Pence if convicted on either charge.

After facing the darkest chapter of his presidency, Trump, 73, is seeking a second four-year term in the November 3 election.

'Our country deserves better than this'

As they did on Tuesday, senators ahead of the vote made a series of speeches explaining their decision in the trial. It remains to be seen whether any Democratic senators break ranks from their party to hand Trump a bipartisan acquittal.

Democratic Senator Doug Jones, facing a tough re-election bid this year in Republican-dominated Alabama, said he would vote to convict Trump on both charges and voiced alarm at the arguments by the president's lawyers in favor of virtually unchecked presidential power.

Jones also issued an appeal for unity at a time of deep partisan divisions in Washington and nationwide.

"Our country deserves better than this. They deserve better from the president. They deserve better from the Congress. We must find a way to come together to set aside partisan differences and to focus on what we have in common as Americans," Jones said.

The impeachment charges against Trump centered on his request that Ukraine investigate political rival Biden and his son Hunter Biden and the president's subsequent actions to block testimony and documents sought by the House in its impeachment investigation.

Democrats accused Trump of abusing his power by withholding $391 million in security aid passed by Congress to help Ukraine combat Russia-backed separatists as leverage to pressure Kiev to help him smear Biden, who is seeking his party's nomination to challenge Trump in November.

Trump denied wrongdoing and most Republicans in the House and Senate rallied around him. Over the past few days, some Republican senators have criticised Trump's behavior but said it did not warrant his ouster.

"I hope our Democratic colleagues will finally accept the results of this trial, just as they have not accepted the
results of the 2016 election," said Republican Senator John Cornyn, saying he hopes they do not launch a second impeachment inquiry. "It's time for our country to come together, to heal the wounds that divide us."

 'Two systems of justice'

Democratic Senator Kamala Harris said the trial underscored that "in America there are two systems of justice: one for the powerful and another for everyone else.

"Donald Trump knows all this better than anybody," Harris said.

"After the Senate votes today, Donald Trump will want the American people to feel cynical. He will want us not to care. He will want us to think he is all powerful and we have no power. We're not going to let him get away with that," Harris added.

The House launched its impeachment inquiry in September. The Senate trial began on Jan. 16. Senate Republicans voted down a Democratic bid to call witnesses such as former national security adviser John Bolton and present new evidence in the trial.

House Judiciary Committee Chairman Jerrold Nadler told reporters that Democrats likely would subpoena Bolton, who in an unpublished book manuscript described Trump as playing a central role in pressuring Ukraine, as they continue to investigate the president.

Trump is the third US president to have been impeached. The two others, Bill Clinton in 1999 and Andrew Johnson in 1868, were left in power by the Senate.

(FRANCE 24 with AFP, AP and REUTERS)