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Ofsted's chief inspector has said it is "terribly unfortunate" the government's social mobility tsar suggested girls do not study physics at A-level because they dislike "hard maths".
Katharine Birbalsingh told the Science and Technology Committee on Wednesday that female pupils tend not to "fancy" physics compared with other subjects.
At her school, Michaela Community School in Brent, northwest London, she said girls make up the majority of students at A-level apart from in physics, where 16% study the subject.
She told MPs: "Physics isn't something girls tend to fancy - they don't want to do it, they don't like it.
"It wouldn't be something here that they wouldn't choose because it's not for them, that would certainly not be the case, and it wouldn't be the case here that they wouldn't choose it because they didn't have a good physics teacher."
Ms Birbalsingh said she thinks the reason for a low uptake is down to the "hard maths" involved in the syllabus.
"We're certainly not out there campaigning for more girls to do physics; we wouldn't do that and I wouldn't want to do that because I don't mind that there's only 16% of them taking [it], I want them to do what they want to do," she added.
Speaking exclusively to Sky News' Beth Rigby Interviews... Ofsted's chief inspector Amanda Spielman said it was "a terribly unfortunate thing for her to say".
Liberal Democrat education spokeswoman, Munira Wilson, said Ms Birbalsingh should apologise, adding that the government should introduce measures to challenge biases in the school system.
She said: "The Conservatives have been dragging their feet and failed to challenge the culture of misogyny and unconscious biases in the education system for years".
She added that without a "dramatic culture shift" many young women will "continually be undervalued and demotivated".
Ms Birbalsingh said there is no issue with the uptake of ethnic minority pupils choosing science and maths based subjects, but rather a shortage of those opting for subjects like philosophy and history.
"If you come from an immigrant background, and especially if you're coming from a poorer background and you've managed to do well in school, you're more likely to pursue a career that brings certainty with it," she said.
She added that pupils from more privileged backgrounds might decide to pursue "less secure" careers such as acting or being a poet.
Ms Birbalsingh said this is why her school is not persuading pupils to do physics but is trying to urge them to do philosophy or history.