Authorities have approved plans for the development in Aberdeenshire, despite campaigning from environmental activists.
Documents published on Friday showed Aberdeen council granted planning permission for the 18-hole course, which is to be named “MacLeod” after the US president’s mother Mary Anne MacLeod.
It will be built next to the original Trump International golf resort on his Menie Estate, north of Aberdeen, which opened in 2012.
Local district officials had already approved the plan for the second course in September.
Friday's decision came from the larger Aberdeen council and is expected to be final.
Environmentalists have criticised the first Menie golf course for partially destroying the coastal sand dunes in the area, and say the second course could cause the dunes to further erode.
"The council sided with Trump International," said Bob Ward, of the London School of Economics' Grantham Research Institute on Climate Change and the Environment.
"They accepted the economic case over the environmental case."
The existing golf course and luxury hotel at the estate have not been profitable since they opened.
Mr Trump also owns another luxury golf resort, Turnberry, on the other side of Scotland.