Three alleged neo-Nazis arrested ahead of Virginia gun rally suspected of trying to start 'race war'

Bronwen Weatherby
via REUTERS

Three alleged members of a neo-Nazi group have been arrested by the FBI ahead of a gun rally in Virginia suspected of wanting to start a "race war".

The men were in court on Thursday having been detained for possessing a machine gun and planning to incite violence at the gun-rights event on Monday.

Thousands are expected to attend the rally.

Brian Lemley, a former cavalry scout in the US Army and Patrik Mathews, a Canadian citizen who was illegally in the United States and was a combat engineer in the Canadian Army Reserve, along with suspected white supremacist William Bilbrough were arrested.

Their court appearances came the day after Virginia Governor Ralph Northam declared a state of emergency banning any weapons around the grounds of the state capitol in Richmond, saying investigators had seen groups making threats of violence.

Harsher gun laws supporters hold us photos of gun violence victims during a meeting of the Senate Judiciary Committee on Thursday (AP)

Lemley and Mathews stood calmly before the judge in US District Court in Greenbelt, Maryland, on Thursday, Lemley wearing a T-shirt and pyjama pants and Mathews wearing camouflage pants and sporting a bushy blonde beard.

Both answered "yes" and "no" when the judge asked if they understood the charges against them, which include transporting a firearm with intent to commit an offence, and if they were under the influence of drugs or alcohol.

The judge set their detention hearings for Wednesday.

The FBI and the Department of Homeland Security have been sharply criticised for not focusing enough on the threat of far-right extremism following a spate of attacks on synagogues and a 2017 white-supremacist rally in Charlottesville, Virginia.

Heads of both of those agencies have said in recent months that they were taking the threat more seriously.

Gun-rights groups are asking a judge to block the Virginia governor's ban on firearms at a massive pro-gun rally scheduled for next week (AP)

Several thousand gun rights supporters are planning a large rally in Richmond, Virginia's capital, on Monday in response to the newly Democratic-controlled state legislature's push to stiffen gun laws.

Virginia, where Democrats took control of the legislature by promising stronger gun laws, has become the latest focal point for the contentious American debate around the right to bear arms.

Many gun-rights groups contend the US Constitution guarantees their ability to possess any firearm. Those opposed say gun laws would help lessen the number of people killed by guns each year.

The three men are accused of interstate commerce of weapons, harbouring illegal aliens, an alien in possession of a firearm and ammunition, and aiding and abetting.

The FBI also said in the court filing that the men had attempted to manufacture DMT, a chemical resembling the structure of psilocybin in psychedelic mushrooms and an illegal drug under federal law

While federal authorities can bring criminal terrorism charges against those suspected of working on behalf of foreign extremist groups like al Qaeda, they lack those tools when pursuing those affiliated with domestic extremist groups, whose views are protected by the free-speech clause of the US Constitution.

The FBI said in the court filing that the three are members of the neo-Nazi group The Base. The FBI said in the court document that it had monitored encrypted chats among the group's members, in which they discussed creating a white ethno-state and carrying out acts of violence against minorities.

The men were in possession of what appeared to be a fully automatic rifle, according to an FBI agent who watched the men fire the weapon at a gun range.

Shortly after firing the weapon on Jan 2 at a Maryland gun range, Lemley told Mathews, "Oh, oops, it looks like I accidentally made a machine gun," according to the court document.

Lemley and Mathews lived together in Delaware, while Bilbrough resided in Maryland. Mathews illegally crossed over the border into the United States in August, according to the court document.

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