By Karen Pierog
CHICAGO (Reuters) - U.S. and Mexican law enforcement authorities will set up a joint team based in Chicago targeting the leaders and finances of drug cartels that ship opioids into the United States, aiming to stanch a spike in overdose deaths, officials said on Wednesday.
The announcement of a fresh effort at co-operation on security issues comes at a time of strained relations between the two neighbouring countries and around four months before President-elect Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador, a left-leaning nationalist, is due to take power in Mexico.
Lopez Obrador has vowed to shake up Mexico's war on drug cartels and wants to rewrite the rules, aides have said, suggesting negotiated peace and amnesties rather than a hardline strategy that critics say has only perpetuated violence.
He has also said he wants to reset relations with the United States, which have been rocky since Donald Trump became U.S. president.
"We are sure the next president of the republic will be willing to collaborate in the fight against organised crime," Felipe de Jesus Munoz Vazquez, Mexico's deputy attorney general for the specialised investigation of federal crimes unit, told a joint U.S.-Mexican news conference in Chicago.
There was no immediate comment on Wednesday from Lopez Obrador's team, but his future security minister Alfonso Durazo has said all co-operation agreements between the two countries will be reviewed.
That includes the decade-old $2.9 billion Merida Initiative that directs aid from U.S. agencies to Mexico to fight organised crime and drug trafficking, said Durazo earlier this month.
Lopez Obrador wants to refocus aid to social and economic projects, he said.
Targeting cartel finances was key in stopping the flow of drugs because "the sole purpose of these entities is one thing and one thing only - money," said Anthony Williams, chief of operations for the U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration, on Wednesday.
Mexico remains the principal highway for cocaine to the United States and has become the top source of heroin, which is fuelling a surge in opioid addiction in the United States. It is also a major supplier of methamphetamines.
Chicago Police Superintendent Eddie Johnson said Mexican cartels were responsible for much of the illegal drugs flowing into the nation's third-largest city, which has been plagued by gang violence and shootings.
Officials and security experts in the United States have applauded long-running bilateral efforts to crack down on drug gangs during the administration of outgoing Mexican President Enrique Pena Nieto and previously.
For the past 12 years, Mexico has fought the violent cartels by deploying thousands of police, soldiers and intelligence officers.
On Wednesday, Mexico said it was offering a 30 million peso ($1.6 million) reward for information leading to the arrest of Nemesio Oseguera, whose cartel is blamed for driving heroin shipments to the United States.
Known as "El Mencho," Oseguera has risen to become Mexico's most-wanted drug lord after Joaquin "El Chapo" Guzman was extradited to the United States last year to face trial.
In March, U.S. agents in Chicago named El Mencho public enemy No. 1 and blamed his gang for using "extreme violence" to expand their share of the heroin trade. The United States is offering $5 million for information leading to his capture.
(Reporting by Karen Pierog, Writing by Jon Herskovitz; Additional reporting by Lizbeth Diaz and Dave Graham in Mexico City, Editing by Rosalba O'Brien)