What Now For UK? 10 Things You Need To Know

Scotland has rejected independence. So what happens now, and can we all still be friends?

1) What new powers will Scotland get?

David Cameron, Nick Clegg and Ed Miliband have all promised Scotland will get some - although we don't yet know exactly what they are. Gordon Brown has set out a 12-point plan and will be drawing up the Home Rule deal. Remember Scotland already makes its own laws in a number of areas including health and social services, education, and law and order.

2) When will it get them?

Work will start straight away. Mr Brown has secured a House of Commons debate on October 16 and a command paper is expected at the end of that month. A draft new law will be drawn up by January 25, 2015 - Burns Night - but this will not be passed until after the General Election.

3) Will there be another referendum?

No, at least not any time soon. Alex Salmond said early on that he would accept the result. Within hours of the Scottish people's decision being confirmed, he had announced he would be stepping down as the country's First Minister. However, the issue of independence has cropped up once or twice before... Never say never.

4) Will Scottish people pay less tax than England?

They could, yes. The new powers will give Scotland more power over setting income tax. Still it's worth noting that Holyrood already has power to vary income tax by 3p above or below the rest of the UK (set to rise to 10p in 2016). It's never used them.

5) Will Scotland get better benefits?

Potentially, yes. It's likely the new powers will give Scottish Parliament more say on housing benefit, which could see it scrap the unpopular so-called "bedroom tax".

6) Will Wales and Northern Ireland want a slice of the cake?

Yes - and David Cameron has indicated that they will get more powers and will be part of drawing up a "new and fair settlement" for the whole of the UK. This new "devolution revolution" will also mean England's MPs will get a greater say in English matters.

7) Will Scotland carry on getting a greater allocation of wealth than England under the Barnett Formula?

It seems so. Mr Cameron, Mr Clegg and Mr Miliband have said the method for allocating the UK wealth will continue. Scotland does a lot better out of it than England. Northern Ireland comes out top. It's unpopular and even the man who came up with it, Labour peer Lord Barnett, has said it's outdated.

English MPs are not happy and it remains to be seen if it will be altered under the new deal. However, Chief Secretary to the Treasury Danny Alexander says he thinks it is good for the whole of the UK.

8) Will Scottish MPs still be able to vote on English matters?

This head-scratcher is called the West Lothian question - because it was raised by Labour's West Lothian MP Tam Dalyell… in 1977.

Scotland's 59 MPs can vote on any issues in Westminster - even swaying votes on matters that will not affect their constituents - but English MPs cannot vote on powers devolved to Scotland.

Mr Cameron has promised that this "question of English votes for English laws" will be addressed and that the "millions of voices of England must be heard".

9) Can England have its own parliament now?

Maybe. A growing number of MPs are calling for an English parliament, led in the main by Tory MP John Redwood. However, it will clearly be part of the talks in the coming months. Leader of the House of Commons William Hague will be drawing up plans on powers for England, Wales and Northern Ireland. Expect rival Labour and Lib Dem versions.

10) Can England and Scotland still be friends?

Expect initial hostilities after the slings and arrows of a fairly feisty campaign but take comfort from history. The two nations have had their differences but have rubbed along for centuries. That said, Andy Murray has taken a fair drubbing on Twitter after coming out for the Yes campaign. And there's always football - the two countries meet in a 'friendly' in November.