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Irish premier Micheal Martin has said it is regrettable that the UK is to renege on an international treaty.
Mr Martin said he rejects the assertions from the British Government that the EU has not been flexible during negotiations.
He criticised the British Government’s plan to introduce a Bill to unilaterally amend the Northern Ireland Protocol.
Speaking in Co Cork on Monday, Mr Martin said the way to resolve the impasse is through substantive negotiations.
Unilateral breach of the Protocol is very serious - an international deal ratified by British Parliament and approved by the PM.
It goes to the heart of the issue of trust.
The only way to resolve issues is by substantive negotiations between UK and EU. (1/2)
— Micheál Martin (@MichealMartinTD) June 13, 2022
“It’s very regrettable for a country like the UK to renege on an international treaty,” he said.
“I think it represents a new low point because the natural expectation of democratic countries like ourselves, the UK and all across Europe is that we honour international agreements that we enter into.”
The British Government has defended the new Bill, saying it is “lawful” and “correct”.
The legislation will give ministers powers to override elements of the protocol, which was jointly agreed by the UK and EU as part of the Brexit Withdrawal Agreement to keep the Irish land border free-flowing.
The arrangements instead require regulatory checks and customs declarations on goods moving between Great Britain and Northern Ireland.
Mr Martin said the agreement was ratified by British parliament and approved by Boris Johnson.
“I’ve had this discussion with him and, in our view, the only way to resolve issues around the operation of the protocol is to have substantive negotiations between the UK and the EU,” Mr Martin added.
“We do not accept the presentation by the British Government and certain ministers to the effect that the EU is inflexible. That is most definitely not the case and the EU has been very proactive in the last year in endeavouring to seek solutions to issues around the operation of the protocol.”
He called on the British Government to enter into negotiations and discussions to resolve the issues.
He added: “Sectors like manufacturing, dairy and meat are benefitting from the protocol and in fact many people in the industry are very concerned about the dual regulatory framework that’s been put forward by the British Government, and feel that would undermine their practices.
“The British Government needs to engage with business and industry in Northern Ireland and not make the situation worse for them because ultimately what the protocol is about really is creating the best possible opportunities for the people of Northern Ireland.
“The British Government has a tendency to big up decisions like this and then once they announce them try to trivialise them.
“Essentially announcing the unilateral breaching of an international agreement is serious stuff and can’t be put to one side.
“Unilateralism does not work. Unilateralism has never worked in the context of the Good Friday Agreement.
“I’m still very concerned that we are currently witnessing a denial of democracy where we have had an Assembly election and yet we don’t have an Assembly convened.
“The people’s voice needs to be reflected in the institutions being put in place, the Assembly in particular, and the Executive.”
Ireland’s Foreign Affairs Minister Simon Coveney said there will be members of the Conservative Party who will think the UK Government’s action on the Northern Ireland Protocol is “abhorrent”.
“I, like everybody else, have seen the concern that has been expressed within the Conservative Party at this course of action,” Mr Coveney said.
“I think it does an awful lot of damage to Britain’s international reputation.
“Of course, the precedent that is being set here to disapply international law, and let’s not forget international law that the British Government was central to actually writing and agreeing and ratifying, I think is something that is abhorrent to many in the Conservative Party.
“My language had been blunt and I think it needs to be.
“For most of my working life as minister for foreign affairs my job is to be a diplomat, but there are times when I think I need to call things out for what they are.”
Mr Coveney said the EU’s response to the Bill will be “incremental”, and the legalities of the legislation will be assessed.
He said the move by the British Government is an “act of bad faith”.
Earlier on Monday, Mr Coveney warned his British counterpart that introducing the Bill will breach international law and “deeply damage” relationships.
He said the new Bill “marks a particular low point in the UK’s approach to Brexit”, and accused the UK Government of deliberately trying to ratchet up tensions around the Northern Ireland Protocol.
Mr Coveney expressed his concern after a morning phone call with Foreign Secretary Liz Truss about the UK’s legislative plan to override aspects of the protocol.
Spoke with @trussliz.
UK Govt now proposing to set aside Int Law, reject a partnership approach, ignore majority in NI & deliberately ratchet up tension with an EU seeking compromise.
We remain open to dialogue to find agreement but his approach adds to instability & is no fix.
— Simon Coveney (@simoncoveney) June 13, 2022
During the call, which lasted 12 minutes, Ms Truss said she intends to publish the legislation on Monday.
Following the call, Mr Coveney tweeted: “UK Govt now proposing to set aside Int Law, reject a partnership approach, ignore majority in NI and deliberately ratchet up tension with an EU seeking compromise.
“We remain open to dialogue to find agreement but his approach adds to instability and is no fix.”
A spokesman for the Department of Foreign Affairs said: “Mr Coveney said publishing legislation that would breach the UK’s commitments under international law, the Brexit Withdrawal Agreement and Northern Ireland Protocol is deeply damaging to relationships on these islands and between the UK and EU.
“Mr Coveney said it marks a particular low point in the UK’s approach to Brexit, especially as Ms Truss has not engaged with negotiations with the EU in any meaningful way since February.
“Mr Coveney repeated that the protocol is the negotiated solution, ratified by Westminster, to the hard Brexit pursued by the UK Government.
“The UK’s unilateral approach is not in the best interest of Northern Ireland and does not have the consent or support of the majority of people or business in Northern Ireland.
“Far from fixing problems, this legislation will create a whole new set of uncertainties and damage relationships.”
The Bill due to come before Parliament will see the Government move without the consent of the EU to change the terms of the protocol in a bid to reduce the checks on the movement of goods across the Irish Sea.
This could include allowing ministers to remove all customs processes for goods moving within the United Kingdom and enable the frictionless movement of agri-food goods staying within the UK.
It could also see businesses in Northern Ireland given the ability to choose whether to follow UK or EU regulations, depending on who they are trading with.