Ukrainians living in the UK have reflected on the “perpetual hell” of 2022 – which has been filled with sleepless nights checking the news – and spoken of their hopes of having their country back in 2023 and reuniting with their “patriotic” loved ones.
Since Ukraine was invaded by Russia in February, the UN estimates that seven million Ukrainians have been internally displaced, while millions have fled the country to find safety elsewhere.
Data from the Home Office revealed that, as of August 15 2022, more than 115,000 Ukraine Scheme visa-holders had arrived in the UK under the Ukraine Family Scheme and Ukraine Sponsorship Scheme (Homes for Ukraine).
The Ukraine Family Scheme allowed fleeing Ukrainians to join or accompany a UK-based family member, while the Homes for Ukraine scheme matched Ukrainians with someone in the UK willing to sponsor them and provide suitable accommodation for a minimum of six months.
For Valentina Butenko, a 19-year-old student who was studying at the University of Central London at the start of the year, “2022 has been perpetual hell”.
“This is probably going to sound very strange, but it’s also a year that I realised how lucky I am to be able to have things that I really love, and that I’m willing to fight for and protect,” she told the PA news agency.
Ms Butenko, who has a British mother and a Ukrainian father, made the decision to return to her family home in Kyiv shortly before the war began and swapped studying for her degree for learning how to administer first aid and fire a gun.
“You have this building sense of an immense responsibility to something that really matters to you and you’re afraid of losing. But you can’t quite grasp what that responsibility is,” she said.
“I remember, the week before the invasion, I had a conversation with my father about what would happen and what we would do.
“We both settled on the idea that if the war happened we had to stay and we had to support Ukraine. I felt we couldn’t leave.”
Since the war began, Ms Butenko has worked with her father getting people to safety in the west of Ukraine or out of the country altogether, and spoke about one occasion when the pair got trapped in the middle of an aerial bombardment a few weeks into the invasion, as were moving people out of Kyiv.
“The place we were staying, there was no bomb shelter and it didn’t have a basement,” Ms Butenko said.
“There were air sirens. You could hear explosions happening. And I thought ‘Oh my god, if something actually falls, that’s it’.
“I think it’s the helplessness for me, that’s the scariest feeling.”
Despite this, she said that risking her life for her country has been worth it.
“The way I dealt with the scariest moments was thinking ‘I’m doing this for Ukrainians’.
“Every time I go back to Kyiv, there’s just incredible optimism. People just get on with their life and fight for it.
“And I think that actually just gives such a richness to life, understanding there is nothing – no hell, no dictator and no army – that can break your willingness to live.”
Ms Butenko – who flies back to the UK every few weeks to pick up supplies and medicine for people back home on the front line – added that being in the UK can sometimes be more frightening that being in Ukraine.
“The one habit I kind of got into in Ukraine is that I didn’t sleep. Every few hours, I would wake up to check the news,” she said.
“I needed to know, have they taken Kyiv? Do we still have a country? And I think my body’s gotten quite used to waking up every few hours. And I desperately check the news.
“To be completely honest, it is much scarier for me reading about bombings sitting in London than actually being there when it’s happening.”
February 24 – the day Russia invaded Ukraine – is etched into Ms Butenko’s mind.
“I vividly remember waking up to something that sounded like an explosion, and I just instinctively knew ‘Oh my god, it’s begun’,” she recalled.
“I looked at the news and they said that the first bombs had been dropped on Kyiv. And it was kind of a very intense sense of fear, a sense there is a possibility that I might not have a country tomorrow.”
Anna Tysovska, who worked for a beauty products company in Kyiv and fled Ukraine a few weeks after the war began, also spoke about her memories of the day Russia invaded.
“Until I heard the first bombing, I couldn’t believe there was going to be a war,” the 32-year-old told PA.
“I was in denial for a long time.”
Ms Tysovska came to the UK in April with her mother, aunt and cousin. They were forced to leave their male relatives and friends behind after Ukraine banned men aged 18-60 from leaving the country due to the war effort.
“My dad is 55 and, obviously, he will not leave,” she said.
“He’s really very passionate and he’s patriotic to Ukraine, but I don’t want him to fight because I know how bad things are on the front line.
“My cousin, she’s 17, and finished school last year. A lot of boys, ex-classmates, can’t leave Ukraine because they are 18.
“They’re basically kids, but they need to be in Ukraine, because it’s our law. It’s very tragic to see kids who need to start their life, need to make their own decisions, suffer from all the things that are going on.”
Ms Tysovska and her family moved in with a host family in Cornwall in April as part of the Homes for Ukraine scheme.
After a few months, she enrolled in a Masters programme at the local university, which she hopes can help her country from afar.
“I always wanted to get my Masters in psychology,” she said.
“I will hopefully write my dissertation on post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and I will try to help the people of Ukraine living in the UK who suffer from PTSD.
“But actually, you know, I think every Ukrainian will suffer from PTSD so I would like to help in any way I can.”
She added that she wants to go “home”, despite loving the UK.
“I want to go back to Ukraine. I want to build my future there. I want to help to rebuild my country.”
As for Ms Butenko, she has one big hope for 2023.
“I want us to win this war,” she said.
“And I really mean win. I don’t just mean I want this war to end – I want us to win this war, and claim back all our territory. Because a lot of us, a lot of Ukrainians, have sacrificed a lot for this.”
Ms Tysovska said: “My hope for next year is first of all (Russian President Vladimir) Putin will die. Then we will celebrate our victory in the Khreshchatyk Street (the main street in Kyiv).”
She also hopes to celebrate a milestone back in Ukraine.
“I want to celebrate my birthday next year in Ukrainian Crimea,” she said.
“I want everyone to have their country back. I want Russia to repay for everything they’ve done. It can’t be repaid obviously, but that’s what I want.
“And I want Ukrainian kids to live in a peaceful country. They deserve it because their childhoods were stolen.”