That’s according to Rainforest Alliance, which says the impact of deforestation, the biodiversity crisis and warming temperatures is making it more challenging for farmers.
Protecting themselves from extreme weather is now more difficult, a s is reaping successful harvests and even growing certain crops, Rainforest Alliance says.
The not-for-profit organisation, which helps protect forests and helps farmers mitigate and adapt to the climate crisis, says these challenges will affect staples such as wheat, corn and rice, but also key raw ingredients for some of Britain’s favourite foods.
Here are five that are threatened:
The key ingredient in chocolate is the cocoa bean.
Climate change and unsustainable farming methods are already leading to a crisis in cocoa production, with some areas that once produced bountiful harvests now unsuitable for growing, according to the Rainforest Alliance.
Less rainfall, soil depletion and more pests and diseases are reducing crop yields and reducing the quality of the crop, the group said.
Higher temperatures also means less humidity, leaving the cocoa tree too dry to survive and meaning cultivation must move to higher land, sometimes spreading into forested areas which are then cut down. This deforestation then exacerbates the climate crisis in a vicious cycle.
As the area suitable for cocoa cultivation shrinks, it’s possible global demand for chocolate will no longer be able to be met, the group said.
However, the rainy and dry seasons are increasingly out of sync due to climate change, causing some tea plantations to “drown” while others die of thirst, the group said. The unpredictability of cultivating tea means its becoming increasingly economically unviable for farmers, it added.
Avocados need a lot of water to grow but are mainly cultivated in regions that suffer from heatwaves and droughts thanks to climate change, the Rainforest Alliance says.
In regions where water supplies are already low this is making cultivation more challenging, it said. Like elsewhere, to meet the demand forests are being chopped down in order to plant avocado trees.
For bananas, higher temperatures brings more pests and diseases, and the climate can even become too hot and dry for the fruit that likes high tempeartures, the Rainforest Alliance said.
Higher temperatures are also spreading diseases that affect coffee plantations, such as “coffee rust”, a fungal disease, the group said. Higher altitude land is also in demand for coffee plants as temperatures gets hotter leading to further deforestation, it added.