'An apology, compensation and accountability... anything less is indefensible'

Thousands of people were given contaminated blood or blood products
Thousands of people were given contaminated blood or blood products -Credit:PA

It is known as one of the worst treatment disasters in the history of the NHS. The lives of many in the UK 'continue to be blighted' by the horrific scandal, which saw thousands given contaminated blood or blood products between the 1970s and 1990s.

More than 30,000 people in the UK fell victim after being given treatments infected with HIV and hepatitis C. Around 3,000 of them have since died. Of the group who were infected with both hepatitis C and HIV, only around 250 are still alive today.

The official probe, the Infected Blood Inquiry, which since it began has examined millions of pieces of written evidence and heard oral evidence from witnesses, is set to publish its final report on Monday (May 20).

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Those still facing the lasting effects of the 'appalling tragedy', including infected people and their relatives, have been 'waiting for justice for decades', Richard Angell, chief executive of Terrence Higgins Trust previously said.

It is hoped the publication of the report will finally give families involved the truth - and the answers - they deserve.

It is known as one of the worst treatment disasters in the history of the NHS
It is known as one of the worst treatment disasters in the history of the NHS -Credit:PA

The Haemophilia Society said that the report “marks a seismic moment in the long fight for truth and justice for people with haemophilia”.

Greater Manchester Mayor Andy Burnham has now demanded accountability from the government, calling on a full apology and compensation for those affected. He said anything less 'is morally indefensible'.

He said: "Today I am thinking of all the families across Greater Manchester whose lives have been ruined by the infected blood scandal and were shamefully left in the wilderness for decades under successive governments.

Andy Burnham giving evidence at the Infected Blood Inquiry
Andy Burnham giving evidence at the Infected Blood Inquiry -Credit:Youtube/Infected Blood Inquiry

"I pay tribute to the campaigners like Fred and Eleanor Bates from Wythenshawe who never gave in and helped me understand the scale of the injustice. Many thought they would never see this day and, sadly, too many haven't.

"But, now it is has arrived, there must be no further delays: a full apology, full compensation and full accountability must follow immediately. Anything less is morally indefensible."

Infected people and their relatives have since described the long term health impact, the “survivor’s guilt”, and the grief of losing relatives.

The Infected Blood Inquiry, chaired by Sir Brian Langstaff, made its final recommendations on compensation for victims and their loved ones in April last year.

The Government has previously been accused of dragging its feet over compensation and Prime Minister Rishi Sunak was heckled when he appeared before the inquiry last year as he vowed to pay compensation "as swiftly as possible".

Haemophilia is an inherited disorder where the blood does not clot properly. Most people with the condition have a shortage of the protein that enables human blood to clot, known as Factor VIII.

In the 1970s, a new treatment was developed to replace the missing clotting agent, which was made from donated human blood plasma. Manufacturers made the product by pooling plasma from tens of thousands of people – increasing the risk of the product containing blood infected with viruses including hepatitis and HIV.

Many patients welcomed this new treatment, which could be delivered by injection at home, as prior to its introduction patients required transfusions with plasma which had to be given in hospital.

Kate Burt, chief executive of the Haemophilia Society, said: “Radical change must result from this inquiry if we are to learn the lessons of the past and protect future generations from harm.

“For the sake of the thousands of people who have died and those whose lives continue to be blighted by this terrible scandal, it is vital that the inquiry’s recommendations are acted upon.”

Their stories

Amanda Patton’s brother Simon Cummings was infected with HIV through his treatment for haemophilia and died in 1996, aged 38. “There’s no doubt that the haemophilia did have a big impact on him… but it never stopped him,” Ms Patton told the PA news agency.

Mr Cummings was one of the original presenters at an independent radio station in Surrey and Hampshire called County Sound.

“He became a very well known local personality and was incredibly popular,” Ms Patton said. “Simon was just an absolute natural on the radio and everybody adored him. He had a fantastic sense of humour. He was wonderful.”

During his time as a radio presenter Mr Cummings decided to create a charity single – Everybody’s Got A Crisis In Their Life – and got some famous names to contribute.

People affected by the infected blood scandal attend a vigil in Parliament Square
People affected by the infected blood scandal attend a vigil in Parliament Square -Credit:Getty Images

“It features Simon on lead vocals with Cliff Richard and Justin Hayward and Rick Wakeman, and all sorts of other people,” said Ms Patton. “Simon knew Cliff reasonably well, well enough that they occasionally socialised together. I met Cliff at Simon’s house a couple of weeks before Simon died. I just happened to be there when Cliff came to see him.”

Mr Cummings died in December 1996.

Ms Patton, a garden designer from Surrey, said: “He phoned me in September of that year and he said: ‘I’ve got good news and bad news, the bad news is that they’ve given me between two and six months (to live), but the good news is I don’t have to go to the dentist again.’ It was just typical of him, absolutely typical.”

She added: “People say that time heals, but it doesn’t – what happened to him was so awful, he would have been 65… all those years he was denied, it’s all the ‘might have beens’ as well as everything else.”

Ms Patton wants to create a garden for people with haemophilia at the Chelsea Flower Show.

Meanwhile, Martin Reid from Insch, Aberdeenshire, has described the lifelong impact after being infected with hepatitis C. He was infected with the virus as a child while receiving treatment for his haemophilia.

After treatment, Mr Reid’s hepatitis was cleared in 2011, but he has been left with lasting effects from the virus including anxiety and depression

“My parents were both distraught about it – they felt a lot of guilt about it, I guess as any parent would,” he told the PA news agency.

The 44-year-old added: “There is something ironically morose about the fact that I tell people that I’m ‘one of the lucky ones’. They say: ‘But you’ve got a disease that could have killed you.’

“I say: ‘I consider myself one of the lucky ones that wasn’t infected with HIV, like so many other people were, and I have lived to the age where I have been able to have a family, I am still here. so I do feel like one of the lucky ones.

“But I do feel a sense of survivor’s guilt – especially as the inquiry has been hearing so many harrowing and heart-breaking stories about people’s children being infected and dying at a very early age, or people being infected, never being told and subsequently going on to infect other members of their family.

“Through every strand of life, it’s there with you, it lives with you. Even when I cleared hepatitis C, there are so many things that are still with me, and will be with me until the day I die that are directly linked or have been caused by what has happened.

“In terms of my long term health, I feel very fatigued a lot, I suffer from insomnia, a lot of the health issues are mental health-related – I suffer from extreme anxiety.”

“If this disaster had happened in a single day – if thousands of people died from a disaster in a day, it would be all over the national press, people would be talking about it, there would be a memorial, it would be in the history books as a big disaster, but because this happened over such a long period of time – decades, for some people – it has, in a sense, diluted what this disaster actually involved.”

His grandfather, who also had haemophilia, was also infected with the hepatitis C. Mr Reid’s grandfather died from cancer and hepatitis C complications when he was 71.

What has the government said?

Speaking ahead of the inquiry, a Government spokesperson said: “This was an appalling tragedy that never should have happened. We are clear that justice needs to be done and swiftly, which is why have acted in amending the Victims and Prisoners Bill.

“This includes establishing a new body to deliver an Infected Blood Compensation Scheme, confirming the Government will make the required regulations for it within three months of Royal Assent, and that it will have all the funding needed to deliver compensation once they have identified the victims and assessed claims.

“In addition, we have included a statutory duty to provide additional interim payments to the estates of deceased infected people. We will continue to listen carefully to the community as we address this dreadful scandal.”