'I'm flabbergasted': How other countries reacted to Boris Johnson's willingness to break international law

Britain's Prime Minister Boris Johnson leaves the Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office (FCDO) in central London on September 3, 2020 where Senior Advisor to the US President, Jared Kushner was meeting with Britain's Foreign Secretary Dominic Raab. (Photo by Tolga AKMEN / AFP) (Photo by TOLGA AKMEN/AFP via Getty Images)
A government plan to override elements of Boris Johnson’s Brexit deal with Brussels would breach international law. (Getty)

A French MEP has said she is “flabbergasted” that the UK is prepared to break international law over Boris Johnson’s Brexit deal with Brussels.

Northern Ireland secretary Brandon Lewis sparked fury on Tuesday when he admitted that changes in the Internal Market Bill would breach international law in a “very specific and limited way”.

He defended the measure by telling MPs it was necessary to ensure Northern Ireland could continue to enjoy unfettered access to markets in the rest of the UK.

But Nathalie Loiseau said the move was a “huge concern”.

Nathalie Loiseau, center, head of French president Emmanuel Macron's party list, arrives to deliver her speech at the campaign headquarters, Sunday, May 26, 2019 in Paris. Exit polls in France indicated that Marine Le Pen's far-right National Rally party came out on top, in an astounding rebuke for French President Emmanuel Macron, who has made EU integration the heart of his presidency. (AP Photo/Kamil Zihnioglu)
French MEP Nathalie Loiseau said Boris Johnson's plan to break the law was a 'huge concern'. (AP)

She told BBC Radio 4’s Today programme: “I’m flabbergasted by what I heard yesterday. The ink of the Withdrawal Agreement is still wet.

“We’re negotiating the future relationship and we hear that the British government seems not to believe any more in a rules-based order.

“This is of course a huge concern.

“And it creates questions and scepticism about how much you can trust your partner in negotiation for the future.

“You don’t break international commitments in specific and limited manners. Either you break them or you abide by them.

“Either you are legal or you are illegal.”

German paper Der Spiegel was critical of Boris Johnson in a scathing editorial. (Der Spiegel)
German paper Der Spiegel was critical of Boris Johnson in a scathing editorial. (Der Spiegel)

International reaction

The EU has warned Britain its international reputation would be tarnished and there would be no trade deal if it tried to undercut the Brexit Withdrawal Agreement, signed in January, in relation to the protocol for Northern Ireland.

Reaction to the government’s plan has been negative from countries around the world.

German paper Der Spiegel said that the plan to break international law was a “masterpiece in the the art of denial of reality”.

It added: “As depressing, frustrating, or shocking as it may be, it isn't really surprising. Because when it comes to Northern Ireland, Boris Johnson is a repeat offender.”

French paper Le Monde said it was the British themselves “who invented the concept” of the value of an international treaty, adding: “This is the red line that Boris Johnson's government seems ready to cross, despite protests from its European partners, its political opponents and even some figures from the Conservative Party.”

French newspaper Le Monde hit out at the government's plans. (Le Monde)
French newspaper Le Monde hit out at the government's plans. (Le Monde)

One of those figures from the Conservative Party is chairman of the Commons defence committee Tobias Ellwood, who said the government should “not lose sight of who we are and what we stand for”

He told the Today programme: “This is about the rule of law and our resolve and commitment to uphold it.

“To unilaterally ignore any treaty in its obligations which we’ve signed and submitted to the United Nations would actually go against everything we believe in.”

He added: “How can we look at countries such as China in the eye and complain about them breaching international obligations over Hong Kong, or indeed Russia over ballistic missiles, or indeed Iran over the nuclear deal if we go down this road?”

Across the Atlantic, the New York Times also criticised the plan, describing Johnson’s move as “aggressive”.

Should the UK pull back from the Withdrawal Agreement, the paper said, it would be “at the cost of trigging another confrontation with the EU” and would “raise questions about the government’s commitments to the rule of law”.

Scottish first minister Nicola Sturgeon said the new legislation would be a “full-frontal assault on devolution”.

She added on Twitter: “This UK government is the most reckless… and unprincipled in my lifetime.”

File photo dated 30/7/2020 of Health Secretary Matt Hancock who is set to announce the future of public health in England. Hancock is due to deliver a speech at the think tank Policy Exchange titled The Future of Public Health. It comes amid reports that Public Health England (PHE) is to be axed.
Health secretary Matt Hancock said breaking the law was 'necessary'. (PA)

Breaking the law ‘necessary’

Health secretary Matt Hancock said this morning that he was “comfortable” with the UK breaking the law on the Withdrawal Agreement as it was necessary to preserve peace in Northern Ireland.

He told Times Radio: “The primary international obligation around this issue is to protect the peace process in Northern Ireland and I very much hope we conclude a deal before the end of the transition period.

“I think that we will and it is in everybody’s interest to do so as we did last time, but I also understand why ministers have chosen to prioritise at the absolute top of that the importance of protecting the peace process in Northern Ireland.”

Britain's Prime Minister Boris Johnson leaves Downing Street in London, Wednesday, Sept. 2, 2020. The Prime Minister will attend the first session of Prime Ministers Questions since parliament returned Tuesday after the summer break. (AP Photo/Kirsty Wigglesworth)
The UK left the EU on 31 January after Boris Johnson got his Brexit deal through Parliament. (AP)

The government’s admission on Tuesday came as the head of the government legal department Sir Jonathan Jones became the latest senior civil servant to quit his post.

No reason was given for his resignation but the Financial Times reported that he was “very unhappy” with the proposed changes to the Withdrawal Agreement.

The UK left the EU on 31 January but talks on new trade terms have made little headway as the October deadline approaches before the end of the status-quo transition arrangement in late December.

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