The number of workers on strike or voting to take industrial action is increasing, threatening a winter of disruption to services ranging from the NHS and transport to postal deliveries and universities.
Here are some of the disputes which have led to strikes or ballots for action:
– RMT and Unite members on London Underground went on strike today – November 10 – in a dispute over pay and pensions.
– Members of the Communication Workers Union (CWU) at Royal Mail will strike on November 30 and December 1 in an increasingly bitter row over pay, jobs and conditions.
– NHS: Members of the Royal College of Nursing (RCN) have voted in favour of industrial action over pay in the first national ballot in the union’s 106-year history.
– Unison is balloting hundreds of thousands of its NHS members for industrial action over pay, with the result due at the end of November.
– The GMB is balloting thousands of ambulance workers for strikes, with results also due later this month.
– Physiotherapists and midwives are also being asked if they want to take industrial action.
– More than 70,000 university staff at 150 universities are to strike on November 24, 25 and 30 after the University and College Union announced its members had overwhelmingly voted in favour of action.
– Members of the Fire Brigades Union are being urged to reject a 5% pay offer in a current ballot.
– Almost 1,000 bus drivers in London employed by Abellio are to stage 10 days of strike action in the coming weeks over pay, their union Unite has announced.
– The Public and Commercial Services union announced that 100,000 civil servants have voted for strike action over pay, pensions, jobs and redundancy terms.
– PCS leaders will meet next week to decide whether to announce strike dates.
– Train drivers in 12 companies will strike on November 26 in their long running dispute over pay, their union Aslef announced.
– Train drivers at LNER will stop working non contractual overtime from November 27 in a dispute over terms and conditions.
– Teachers are being balloted on strikes over pay, with the result due in the new year.