Justin Welby: Deal to end war must not treat Russia like Germany in 1919

An end to the war in Ukraine cannot see Russia treated like Germany after the First World War, the Archbishop of Canterbury has warned.

Justin Welby, writing in The Daily Telegraph newspaper as Ukraine marks the one-year anniversary of the Russian invasion, also said that Kyiv must not be forced into a “Munich Agreement-like compromise”, a reference to the doomed settlement that failed to prevent the Second World War.

“Provided a just peace between Russia and Ukraine can be achieved, there must be a security structure that makes another war unlikely,” he said.

“Russia cannot end up like Germany after 1919; it must be able to recover and be secure without being allowed to repeat its aggression.

“The great powers must find ways, ideally through a conference, to design the conditions for long-term security, as was done in 1945. Today, it must be done for a new century, including UN reform, while the cost of conflict is fading from most European memories.”

The Treaty of Versailles, signed in Paris in 1919, was seen as humiliating by many Germans and some historians argue that it created an enduring bitterness that helped the Nazis rise to power.

But the Archbishop also urged world leaders not to force Ukraine into an “unjust peace”, as he spoke about the impact of visiting Kyiv.

“Justice is the call of Old Testament and New: peace, swords – or tanks – into ploughshares is the vision of Isaiah.

“Everyone eating the grapes from the vines they planted, and living in the house they built, is the promise of the prophet Micah.

“At the heart of Christian faith is the vision of God who so loved the world that he sacrificed himself for it, so there may be peace and reconciliation.

“In times of peace, we dream of such things. In times of war, we must strain every sinew to bring peace with justice, and start the generational process of healing hatred and rebuilding community among nations.”