Liz Truss: What to know about Britain's new prime minister

LONDON — After weeks of campaigning and television debates, Foreign Secretary Liz Truss beat out her opponent on Monday to become the United Kingdom's new prime minister.

Truss succeeds her fellow Conservative Party leader Boris Johnson, who was brought down amid a series of scandals, including his handling of a sexual misconduct allegation against his former deputy chief whip.

Truss, 47, said it had been an “honor to be elected,” and thanked her party for organizing “one of the longest job interviews in history” — the election that she won.

Rishi Sunak and Liz Truss stand to applause on a BBC television soundstage.
Rishi Sunak, former chancellor of the Exchequer, and Foreign Secretary Liz Truss take part in the final Conservative leadership election debate in London on Aug. 31. (Wiktor Szymanowicz/Anadolu Agency via Getty Images)

At Balmoral Castle in Scotland on Tuesday afternoon, Truss officially took office after Queen Elizabeth II asked her to form a new government in her name — a ceremony that has taken place between incoming prime ministers and the monarch for centuries.

It was the first time the handover took place at Balmoral and not the Queen's official residence at Buckingham Palace. This is due to the 96-year-old Queen having moved to her retreat in Aberdeenshire from Buckingham Palace because of ongoing mobility issues.

Truss takes the helm at a unique time in British history, with Russia's war against Ukraine raging in Europe's east and post-Brexit policies to navigate at home.

Queen Elizabeth greets newly elected leader of the Conservative party Liz Truss.
Queen Elizabeth greets newly elected leader of the Conservative party Liz Truss as she arrives at Balmoral Castle in Aberdeen, Scotland on Tuesday. (Jane Barlow/WPA Pool/Getty Images)

The beginning

Mary Elizabeth Truss was born in 1975 in Oxford, England. According to Sky News, her mother worked as a nurse and her father was a lecturer in mathematics. Truss has described her parents as very liberal, calling them “to the left of Labour.” While she was still young, her family moved to Leeds, a less affluent city in the north of England. Truss attended state-run schools in England and Scotland, unlike Johnson and many other former prime ministers who attended the elite private school Eton College.

Liberal Democrat

As a student at Oxford University, Truss was a member of the Liberal Democrats and headed the university association affiliated with the party. She even campaigned against the monarchy, as shown in a video clip filmed in 1994. Two years later, after graduating, she left to join the Conservative Party.

Life in politics

Elizabeth Truss in a green jacket, with the Houses of Parliament in the background.
Chief Secretary to the Treasury Elizabeth Truss arrives at the Houses of Parliament in London on March 28, 2019. (Dan Kitwood/Getty Images)

Truss would spend 10 years in the telecommunications sector before turning to politics. She was first elected in 2006 as a councillor in the London borough of Greenwich and became a member of parliament for Southwest Norfolk in 2010. Before she stood as a candidate, members of her local association attempted to revoke her nomination after learning that she was alleged to have had an affair with a married Conservative lawmaker.

She was given her first junior post two years later when she was appointed secretary of state in the Department for Education. In 2014, Truss was named to a senior post, leading the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs.

Truss backed former Prime Minister David Cameron on the side of remaining in the EU in what became to be known as “Brexit.” When Theresa May took over Cameron’s position as leader, Truss was selected as justice secretary, and later was the first woman in 1,000 years to hold the position of Lord Chancellor, the top economic official in the country. In 2019, as International Trade Secretary, Truss struck deals with New Zealand, Australia and Japan in an attempt to move Britain forward in the post-EU era.

Last September, Truss moved into the position of foreign secretary in a Johnson Cabinet reshuffle. The foreign secretary who preceded her, Dominic Raab, had came under severe scrutiny for his handling of Britain’s withdrawal from Afghanistan. Raab had been vacationing in Greece when the Taliban took control of Afghanistan, and he had asked a deputy to handle an urgent call regarding the evacuation of Afghan interpreters. Truss is now one of the Conservatives' longest-serving Cabinet ministers sitting in Parliament.

'Liz for Leader'

Liz Truss at a podium marked Liz for Leader,
Liz Truss launches her campaign to become prime minister on July 14 in London. (Leon Neal/Getty Images)

On July 7, hours after Johnson announced his resignation as prime minister, Truss cut short her attendance at a G-20 event in Indonesia and announced her bid for the leadership race. At home, Truss has promised to cut taxes immediately, as well as to “keep corporation tax competitive.” She has also vowed to “unlock the huge opportunities of Brexit, with bold reforms.” As foreign secretary dealing with Brexit, Truss has created controversy over her hard-line stance.

A European Union official told the iNews on Sept. 1 that the EU would refuse to negotiate any changes in the Brexit deal on Northern Ireland if Truss carries through on a proposal to give ministers power to suspend parts of the Northern Ireland Protocol. The Protocol, which Johnson concluded with the EU, was intended to avoid excessive disruption between EU-member Ireland and British Northern Ireland.

Truss has also said that if she is appointed prime minister, she will declare China an official threat for the first time. Since Russia’s invasion of Ukraine in February, she and Johnson have sharply condemned the Kremlin. In July, she told the BBC that “all of Ukraine that has been invaded by Russia is illegally occupied.”

 Liz Truss and Ignazio Cassis sit in beige chairs next to a table displaying U.K. and Swiss flags.
U.K. Foreign Secretary Liz Truss meets with President Ignazio Cassis of Switzerland at the Ukraine Recovery Conference on July 4. (Michael Buholzer/AFP via Getty Images)

On Aug. 26, Truss sparked tensions after she said the “jury’s out” on whether France is a friend or foe to Britain. President Emmanuel Macron of France responded that it was a “problem” if the U.K. was unwilling to call itself a friend.

As for U.K. relations with the U.S., the Financial Times suggested earlier this week that Truss had questioned the alliance, which has prevailed since World War II. Others doubt that she will maintain that stance.

“U.K. and U.S. relations are extremely important. It's way, way bigger than any individual personality, including Liz Truss,” David Lawrence, a research fellow in the U.K. in the World Initiative at Chatham House, told Yahoo News. “I suspect that, like every single British prime minister before her, she'll be incredibly keen to foster a good, close relationship.”

Liz Truss speaks at a podium labeled Conservatives.
Liz Truss delivers an acceptance speech after being announced the winner of the Conservative Party leadership contest on Monday. (Wiktor Szymanowicz/Anadolu Agency via Getty Images)

56th Prime Minister

In her victory speech, Truss announced a new “bold plan” to cut taxes and deliver on the country’s energy crisis. She said that she would expand Britain's economy and deal with the issues the U.K.'s National Health Service is undergoing after years of strain due to the pandemic. “We will deliver, we will deliver, we will deliver,” she told a crowd of her fellow party members at Westminster on Monday afternoon.

She also thanked her “friend” Johnson. “You are admired from Kyiv to Carlisle,” Truss said.

Truss is the third woman to become U.K. prime minister, following in the steps of Margaret Thatcher and Theresa May. She will be the 15th prime minister of Queen Elizabeth II’s reign.