Philip helped design modified Land Rover which will carry his coffin

The Duke of Edinburgh’s coffin will be transported in a ceremonial procession to his funeral on a Land Rover he helped to design.

It is a fitting tribute to Philip – the nation’s longest consort – who was known for his practical skills and his enduring interest in design and engineering.

The purpose-built Land Rover was specially modified to carry a coffin – in a project that the duke helped with many years ago.

European Horse Trials – Prince Philip and Queen Elizabeth II – Windsor Great Park
Philip takes the wheel of a Land Rover to drive the Queen around her inspection of the jumps in the European Horse Trials (PA)

The vehicle is believed to be a modified Defender 130 Gun Bus, which was commissioned in 2005.

In 2016, Foley Specialist Vehicles said it delivered a totally rebuilt Gun Bus to Philip for use on his estates.

It was made to his specifications in traditional deep bronze green, and built onto a galvanised chassis and hand-built rear body.

We have just delivered a totally rebuilt 130 Defender Gun Bus to the Duke of Edinburgh for use on one of the Estates….

Posted by Foley Specialist Vehicles Ltd on Monday, November 28, 2016

The Land Rover will process slowly through the grounds of Windsor Castle ahead of the duke’s funeral on Saturday at St George’s Chapel.

A bearer party from the Grenadier Guards will place the coffin on the Land Rover at the state entrance of the castle, before the vehicle begins the eight-minute journey – at walking pace – to the west steps of the chapel.

It will be flanked by pall bearers reflecting the duke’s special relationships with the military – the Royal Marines, Regiments, Corps and Air Stations.

Immediately behind the Land Rover, the Prince of Wales and other members of the royal family, likely to be the duke’s other children and some of his grandchildren, will proceed on foot.

The Land Rover’s poignant role in the funeral proceedings always formed part of Operation Forth Bridge – the codename given to the plans following Philip’s death.

Royalty – Queen Elizabeth II Silver Jubilee – Australia
The Queen and Philip in an open Land Rover at a children’s rally in Royal Park, Melbourne (Ron Bell/PA)

But before the pandemic, it was planned the vehicle would transport the duke’s coffin from Wellington Arch in central London to Windsor, and travel up the Long Walk, with members of the royal family joining the procession part way and walking through Windsor town centre to the castle.

All public elements of the funeral have been removed – including large-scale processions through London and Windsor – so as not to draw crowds during the coronavirus crisis.

A Palace spokesman said: “The duke had a great interest in design so that is where the involvement of the Land Rover comes from.

“The Land Rover was very much part of the original plans as approved by the duke.”

Horse Trials – Badminton, Gloucestershire
The Duke of Edinburgh, perches on the roof of a Land Rover while the Queen watches competitors during the Horse Trials at Badminton (PA)

A senior Palace official added: “The Duke of Edinburgh had a hand many years ago in the design of these vehicles.”

The official added that there were two Land Rovers for “belt and braces”.

Following the duke’s death at the age of 99 on Friday, Jaguar Land Rover paid tribute, highlighting Philip’s “significant contribution to UK manufacturing, engineering and design”.

The firm said on Twitter: “We are deeply saddened by the passing of His Royal Highness The Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh.

“Our thoughts are with Her Majesty The Queen & Royal Family. The Duke devoted his life to public service & made a significant contribution to UK manufacturing, engineering & design.”

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In 2019, the duke, then 97, was driving a Land Rover Freelander when he was involved in a serious car crash involving a mother and a baby.

The car Philip was driving was hit by another vehicle when he pulled out of a driveway on the Sandringham estate in Norfolk on to a busy A road, after being dazzled by the low sun.

The duke’s car flipped over and he was trapped, and had to be rescued through the sunroof by a passing motorist. He was miraculously unscathed.

The baby was unhurt, but both women in the other vehicle had to be treated in hospital, and one broke her wrist.

Three weeks after the crash, Buckingham Palace announced that Philip’s driving days on public roads were finally over and that he had voluntarily surrendered his driving licence.

The CPS later confirmed Philip would face no action over the crash.