PIP payments of up to £737 each month for people with these 87 muscle or joint conditions

The latest figures from the Department for Work and Pensions (DWP) show that there are more than 1.1 million adults across Great Britain receiving support through Personal Independence Payment (PIP) for more than 85 musculoskeletal conditions, including 64,202 living in Scotland.

Musculoskeletal conditions are injuries and disorders that affect the human body’s movement or musculoskeletal system such as muscles, tendons, ligaments, nerves, discs and blood vessels. Arthritis is a general term that refers to many of these different conditions, however, some common conditions include osteoarthritis, back pain, rheumatoid arthritis, fibromyalgia, osteoporosis, gout, polymyalgia rheumatica, lupus and ankylosing spondylitis.

If you are over 16 and under State Pension age, you may be able to claim PIP - or Adult Disability Payment (ADP) in Scotland - to help with a musculoskeletal condition, and if your ability to work is limited due to your symptoms you could be eligible for ‘new style’ Employment and Support Allowance (ESA).

The new DWP figures also showed that there are now 3.5 million people in Scotland, England and Wales claiming PIP, including almost 218,859 living in Scotland. However, as more existing PIP claimants living in Scotland are transferred to ADP, that figure will decrease.

Even though new claims for PIP have been replaced in Scotland by ADP, it follows largely similar eligibility criteria, but takes a more ‘people-centric’ approach, according to Social Security Scotland.

A successful claim for PIP or ADP is worth between £28.70 and £184.30 each week in additional financial support and as the benefit is paid every four weeks, this amounts to between £114.80 and £737.20 every pay period.

PIP claimants with musculoskeletal conditions

The latest data shows that at the end of February 2024, over one million people were receiving support through PIP for Musculoskeletal conditions.

  • Scotland: 64,202 (does not include case transfer or new claims of Adult Disability Payment)

  • England and Wales: 1,036,887

  • Living abroad: 1,031

  • Total: 1,102,171

Below is the list of 87 musculoskeletal conditions being supported through PIP to help with either daily living, mobility needs or a combination of both components. It is not definitive, so if your condition does not appear, don't be put off making a claim as an award for PIP or ADP is about how the condition affects you, not the condition itself.

Musculoskeletal Conditions - General


Osteoarthritis of Hip

Osteoarthritis of Knee

Osteoarthritis of other single joint

Primary generalised Osteoarthritis

Chronic pain syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS)


Pain syndromes - Chronic - Other / type not known

Inflammatory arthritis

Ankylosing spondylitis

Arthritis - Psoriatic

Arthritis - Reactive

Inflammatory arthritis - Other / type not known

Juvenile chronic arthritis (Still's disease)

Rheumatoid arthritis

Crystal deposition disorders

Crystal deposition disorders - Other / type not known



Osteonecrosis and osteochondritis



Metabolic and endocrine disorders



Other metabolic and endocrine disorders of musculoskeletal system

Paget's disease


Genetic disorders, dysplasias and malformations


Epiphyseal dysplasia - multiple

Genetic disorders, dysplasias and malformations - Other / type not known

Hereditary multiple exostosis (diaphyseal aclasis)

Hypermobility syndrome

Marfan's syndrome

Osteogenesis imperfecta

Benign tumours of bone

Tumours of bone - benign

Fracture complications

Compartment syndrome (Volkmann's ischaemia)

Fracture complications - Other / type not known

Sudek's atrophy

Other generalised musculoskeletal conditions

Generalised musculoskeletal disease - Other / type not known

Shot of a unrecognizable businessman suffering from back pains while trying to work in the office
More than one million people with a musculoskeletal condition are receiving support from PIP or Adult Disability Payment. -Credit:Getty Images

Musculoskeletal Conditions - Regional

Shoulder disorders

Adhesive capsulitis (frozen shoulder)

Rotator cuff disorder

Shoulder disorders - Other / type not known

Shoulder instability

Elbow disorders

Elbow disorders - Other / type not known

Golfers elbow (medial epicondylitis)

Tennis elbow (lateral epicondylitis)

Wrist and hand disorders

Carpal tunnel syndrome

Dupuytren's contracture

Tendon lesions


Wrist and hand disorders - Other / type not known

Neck disorders

Cervical disc lesion

Cervical spondylosis

Neck disorders - Other / type not known

Whiplash injury

Non specific back pain

Back pain - Non specific (mechanical)

Specific back pain

Back pain - Specific - Other / type not known


Lumbar disc lesion

Lumbar spondylosis (OA spine)

Schuermann's disease


Spinal stenosis


Hip disorders

Dislocation of the hip - congenital

Hip disorders - Other / type not known

Perthes disease

Slipped upper femoral epiphysis

Knee disorders


Chondromalacia patellae

Knee disorders - Other / type not known

Ligamentous instability of knee

Meniscal lesions

Osgood schlatters disease

Osteochondritis dissecans

Patellar dislocation - Recurrent

Ankle and foot disorders

Ankle and foot disorders - Other / type not known

Club foot (talipes)

Fore foot pain (Metatarsalgia)

Hallux valgus /rigidus


Amputation - Lower limb(s)

Amputation - Upper limb(s)

Amputations - Upper & Lower limb/s


Abdomen - Injuries/Fracture/Dislocation of

Lower limb - Injuries/Fracture/Dislocation of

Multiple - Injuries/Fracture/Dislocation

Pelvis - Injuries/Fracture/Dislocation of

Spine - Injuries/Fracture/Dislocation of

Thorax - Injury/Fracture/Dislocation of

Upper limb - Injury/Fracture/Dislocation of

Other regional musculoskeletal disease

Musculoskeletal disease - Regional / Localised - Other / type not known

Below is an overview of PIP and ADP. Even though new claims for PIP have been replaced in Scotland by ADP, it shares most of the same eligibility criteria. Full guidance on ADP can be found on the MYGOV.SCOT website here.

Who might be eligible for PIP or ADP?

To be eligible for PIP or ADP, you must have a health condition or disability where you:

  • have had difficulties with daily living or getting around (or both) for 3 months

  • expect these difficulties to continue for at least 9 months

You usually need to have lived in the UK for at least two of the last three years and be in the country when you apply.

In addition to what we have outlined above if you get or need help with any of the following because of your condition, you should consider applying for PIP or ADP.

  • preparing, cooking or eating food

  • managing your medication

  • washing, bathing or using the toilet

  • dressing and undressing

  • engaging and communicating with other people

  • reading and understanding written information

  • making decisions about money

  • planning a journey or following a route

  • moving around

There are different rules if you are terminally ill, you will find these on the GOV.UK website here.

DWP or Social Security Scotland will assess how difficult you find daily living and mobility tasks. For each task they will look at:

  • whether you can do it safely

  • how long it takes you

  • how often your condition affects this activity

  • whether you need help to do it, from a person or using extra equipment

How are PIP and ADP paid?

PIP and ADP are usually paid every four weeks unless you are terminally ill, in which case it is paid weekly. It will be paid directly into your bank, building society or credit union account. ADP is paid at the same rates as PIP.

What are the PIP and ADP payment rates?

You will need an assessment to work out the level of financial help you will receive and your rate will be regularly reviewed to make sure you are getting the right support.

PIP is made up of two components:

  • Daily living

  • Mobility

Whether you get one or both of these and how much depends on how severely your condition affects you.

You will be paid the following amounts per week depending on your circumstances:

Daily living

  • Standard rate: £72.65

  • Enhanced rate: £108.55


  • Standard rate: £28.70

  • Enhanced rate: £715.75

How you are assessed

You will be assessed by an independent healthcare professional to help the DWP determine the level of financial support, if any, you need, for PIP.

Face-to-face consultations for health-related benefits are offered alongside video calls, telephone and paper-based assessments - it's important to be aware that the health professional and DWP determine which type of assessment is best suited for each claimant. You can find out more about DWP PIP assessments here.

Adult Disability Payment assessments will not involve face-to-face assessments, unless this is preferred by the claimant - find out more about the changes here.

How do you make a claim for PIP?

You can make a new claim by contacting the DWP, you will find all the information you need to apply on the GOV.UK website here.

Before you call, you will need:

  • your contact details

  • your date of birth

  • your National Insurance number - this is on letters about tax, pensions and benefits

  • your bank or building society account number and sort code

  • your doctor or health worker’s name, address and telephone number

  • dates and addresses for any time you’ve spent abroad, in a care home or hospital

How to apply for ADP

People can apply ADP, over the phone, by post or in-person. To find out more or apply, visit the dedicated pages on mygov.scot here or call Social Security Scotland on 0800 182 2222.

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