The Cayman Islands, a British overseas territory, is to be put on an EU blacklist of tax havens, less than two weeks after the UK’s withdrawal from the bloc.
In a clear indication of the country’s loss of influence on the EU’s decision-making, the bloc’s 27 finance ministers are expected to sign off on the decision next week.
The EU’s blacklist is an attempt to clamp down on the estimated £506bn lost to aggressive tax avoidance every year but member states are not “screened” in the process of drawing up the blacklist.
Territories linked to member states have also avoided the blacklist and the UK had heavily lobbied to protect its overseas territories from such scrutiny in the past.
On Wednesday, EU ambassadors judged that the islands in the western Caribbean Sea are not effectively cooperating with Brussels on financial transparency, the Financial Times reported.
The Cayman Islands will join Belize, Fiji, Oman, Samoa, Trinidad and Tobago, Vanuatu and the three US territories of American Samoa, Guam, and the US Virgin Islands, on the “non-cooperative” list.
Last year the UK and its “corporate tax haven network” was judged to be by far the world’s greatest enabler of corporate tax avoidance by the Tax Justice Network.
British territories and dependencies made up four of the 10 places said to have done the most to “proliferate corporate tax avoidance” on the corporate tax haven index.
The status of the Cayman Islands and British Virgin Islands had been up for review since being placed on a “grey list” in 2018.
The EU had concerns the tax regimes of these territories facilitated offshore structures that attracted profits without real economic activity.
The EU’s member states now believe the Cayman Islands has failed to introduce the necessary legislation to address the problems identified by Brussels.
Blacklisted countries face additional hurdles in accessing EU funds and European companies must take additional compliance measures if they do business in the territories.
The decision will be seen as a shot across the bows of the UK ahead of negotiations on the future relationship with the bloc.
The EU’s draft negotiating mandate, due to be finalised on 25 February, stipulates that it expects the UK to maintain high standards on tax when the transition period ends in 2020 amid concerns that Boris Johnson’s government could seek to be a “Singapore-on-Thames”, undercutting the European model.
The mandate calls for the UK to commit in a treaty to maintaining standards in term of “exchange of information on income, financial accounts, tax rulings, country-by-country reports, beneficial ownership and potential cross-border tax-planning arrangements”.
“It should also ensure that the United Kingdom applies the common standards applicable within the union and the United Kingdom at the end of the transition period in relation to the fight against tax avoidance practices and public country-by-country reporting by credit-institutions and investment firms,” it says.
The UK remains under EU regulations until the end of the year during the transition period, which the prime minister has said he will not extend, as permitted under the withdrawal agreement.
Miles Dean, head of international tax at Andersen Tax UK, said: “The Cayman Islands already has legislation to obtain information that is far better than the UK’s.
“The economic substance rules are an attempt by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development and the EU to strong-arm minor jurisdictions that often have a significant role in world finance. Is this a ploy to drive business to Luxembourg, or just post-Brexit spite?”
The blacklisting process has alternatively been criticised for lacking teeth and an agreement on withholding tax on money going to the listed countries has not been reached. The European commission has previously said that it would instead be up to individual member states to decide on whether to imposed sanctions.
The Financial Times reported that Turkey, which is currently on the “grey” list, will not be moved to the blacklist.