Donald Trump and his team made no secret of their plan to hit the ground running. In their first days in office they began peeling back Obamacare, laying the foundations for funding a wall on the Mexican border and slashing federal regulation.
Since then they have discovered the limits of executive orders and presidential actions. A ban on the entry of travellers from seven mainly Muslim nations was overturned in the courts before being rewritten and then suspended again. A bill to abolish Barack Obama’s Affordable Care act did not even make it to a vote in Congress, so deep were the Republican divisions it exposed.
Suspicions of ties to Russia simply will not go away.
And Mr Trump’s own team has begun briefing against each other as they try to shift blame for failure.
During the past month the president has shifted his focus overseas, with missile strikes on Syria and a range of more muscular responses to foreign policy problems.
The result has been a small increase in support leaving approval ratings still languishing at about 41 per cent – a historic low, according to Gallup – at a time when he should be enjoying a political honeymoon.
That leaves White House officials wondering how best to sell their achievements at the 100-day mark.
1. Supreme Court nomination
The Senate confirmation of Neil Gorsuch to the Supreme Court may turn out to be the longest lasting and most important success of Mr Trump’s early presidency. And it could even offer a guide to getting things done in Washington. The appointment came at the end of a process in which Mr Trump offered his shortlist for public approval, consulted widely (including among Democrats) and carefully vetted his candidate. The preparation paid off.
2. Withdrawal from the Trans-Pacific Partnership
Another campaign pledge has been met by formally leaving the TPP, a huge trade deal between the US and 11 Pacific Rim countries. However, it was already all but dead after an election in which both candidates said they would withdraw from a deal that had not yet been ratified by Congress.
3. Illegal border crossings
The number of undocumented immigrants caught crossing the border into the US dropped significantly in the month after Mr Trump took power. The fall of 36 per cent, compared with a year earlier, was taken by the Trump administration to indicate that its hard line on illegal immigration was having an impact.
4. National security
With Mr Trump struggling to get his bigger plans through Congress, he has increasingly immersed himself in foreign policy and national security. His decision to launch cruise missiles against Syria in the wake of a chemical attack was widely applauded for setting firm red lines, with minimal risk to US personnel or of being sucked into to a Middle East conflict. North Korea marked its founder Kim Il-sung’s birthday with a botched missile launch and without testing a nuclear device – interpreted as a win for Mr Trump’s aggressive stance and friendship with China.
1. Travel Ban
Perhaps no other failure illustrates Mr Trump’s early missteps. The travel ban – directed at Iran, Iraq, Somalia, Sudan, Libya, Syria and Yemen - was signed into force apparently without the knowledge of the president’s Secretary of Homeland Security and without any warning to airlines or airports. The result was chaos as travellers with valid visas or green cards were detained and deported. Protests erupted around the country before the order was suspended by the courts. The roll-out of a revised, second ban was better managed but still fell foul of judges who said they believed it to be unconstitutional and suspected it still amounted to discrimination against Muslims.
2. Drain the swamp
Mr Trump won the election in part by promising to do things differently, to shake up the existing order and to rid Washington of its cosy elite. But his administration of gazillionaires, generals and Goldman Sachs executives looks like the same old cronies. Even Steve Bannon, the former head of Breitbart News and the populist rabble rouser in the West Wing, is an alumnus of Goldman Sachs, the bank once condemned by Mr Trump for epitomising the close ties between Wall Street and politics.
3. Health care
Repealing and replacing Obamacare became one of Mr Trump’s signature campaign promises. But with what? Lacking a clear alternative, the president added his support to a Republican bill that made concessions to hardline conservatives but worried moderates who feared a voter revolt among the millions forecast to lose coverage. The result was a fiasco, as both sides dug in their heals. First Mr Trump tried brinkmanship, promising to force the bill to a vote, before his Congressional leadership withdrew it at the eleventh hour.
The failure exposed Mr Trump’s lack of political experience in negotiating support. And (barring a last-minute reversal) it means he reaches the 100-day mark without a major legislative success, other than bills that overturn elements of Mr Obama’s agenda.
4. Mike Flynn’s resignation
General Mike Flynn was forced to resign as National Security Adviser after only 24 days when it emerged he had misled the vice president about meetings he held with the Russian ambassador to Washington. To those who opposed the appointment of a such a fiery, quixotic military man with hardline views against Muslims, his departure confirmed their suspicions that some appointees to Mr Trump’s administration were not subject to sufficient vetting
5. Build the wall
Mr Trump’s 100-day plan included legislation to pay for a wall with Mexico, all to be reimbursed by the Mexican government. That part of the proposal has been quietly shelved and, although the Department of Homeland Security says construction will begin in the summer, it is still no clearer how funding will be found.
6. A $1trillion infrastructure programme
Like the wall, this is a failure because Mr Trump had promised to get it moving as part of his grand 100-day plan. With his legislative programme essentially frozen since the healthcare debacle, there is no sign of the bill needed to secure funding from Congress to rebuild the country’s crumbling infrastructure.
7. White House infighting
For days at a time, press coverage of Mr Trump’s presidency have been dominated by tensions between his key advisers. Well-connected observers say setting up competing power centres, comprised in this case of family, business leaders and Republican operatives, is typical of the way the billionaire ran his companies. However, clashes between his populist lieutenant Steve Bannon and his son-in-law Jared Kushner have frequently offered an image of a White House paralysed by infighting.
8. The presidential voice
Throughout all of this, Mr Trump has at times failed to find a presidential voice. For every success – such as his well-received address to a joint session of Congress – there are missteps, blunders and dawn Tweets. He has yet to explain why he accused his predecessor of ordering a wire tap on Trump Tower, for example.
9. Executive branch job vacancies
Hundreds of senior jobs have yet to be filled across the administration, from ambassadors to departmental deputies. Earlier this month, Politico reported that of 553 key appointments requiring Senate approval, the White House has so far nominated 24 people of which 22 have been confirmed, a far slower rate than previous administrations. The result is a logjam throughout federal agencies.