The most liveable cities in the world have been named – and there are no UK entries in the top ten.
Vienna took the top spot as the world’s most liveable city, according to an annual survey by the Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU).
The Austrian capital beat Melbourne in Australia into first place, the first time a European city has topped the ranking.
Melbourne had previously taken the number one spot for seven years in a row.
Vienna was one of only two European cities in the top ten – Copenhagen in Denmark was in ninth place.
The top ten included three cities each from Australia and Canada, as well as two Japanese cities.
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The EIU ranks 140 cities worldwide according to a range of factors, such as political stability, crime rates, education and healthcare.
The highest ranked UK city was Manchester, which jumped by 16 places to 35th.
That put it 13 places ahead of London on the list, the widest gap between the two cities since the ranking was introduced two decades ago.
The EIU said Manchester’s leap up the list was due to its security score improving.
It was controversially demoted in the ranking last year following the Manchester Arena terror attack that claimed the lives of 22 people.
The ranking’s editor, Roxana Slavcheva, said Manchester had “shown resilience in the city’s recovery from a recent, high-profile terrorist attack, which previously shook up stability”.
She added that security had also improved in “several western European cities”. She said Vienna’s place at the top of the list was a reflection of “a relative return to stability across much of Europe”.
At the other end of the list, war-torn Damascus in Syria was named the world’s least liveable city, followed by Dhaka in Bangladesh and Lagos in Nigeria.