By David Brunnstrom and Lesley Wroughton
WASHINGTON (Reuters) - U.S. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo on Thursday called China's treatment of its Uighur Muslim minority the "stain of the century" and accused Beijing of pressuring countries not to attend a U.S.-hosted conference on religious freedom.
"China is home to one of the worst human rights crises of our time; it is truly the stain of the century," Pompeo told the final day of the international conference in Washington.
Pompeo said Chinese government officials had sought to discourage countries from attending the three-day event he has hosted, attended by 106 countries.
"Is that consistent with the guarantee of religious belief that is found directly in the Chinese constitution?" he asked.
Pompeo congratulated countries which had defied Chinese pressure, while adding: "If you have declined to attend for the same reason, we take note."
Pompeo did not name any of the countries and a State Department spokesman could not provide a figure.
"We know the Chinese government called countries specifically to discourage participation. We cannot prove the exact number they successfully impacted," he said.
Pompeo's remarks came a day after U.S. President Donald Trump met at the White House with victims of religious persecution from countries including China, Turkey, North Korea, Iran and Myanmar.
The Chinese government on Thursday rejected any suggestion that it abuses religious and human rights.
"In China this situation of so-called religious persecution does not exist," Chinese foreign ministry spokesman Lu Kang told a news briefing in Beijing after the White House ceremony.
"We demand that the United States correctly view China's religious policies and the status of religious freedom in China, and stop using the issue of religion to interfere in other countries' affairs."
U.S. Vice President Mike Pence, who like Pompeo has been a strong critic of China, told the same conference the ongoing U.S. trade talks with China would not sway the commitment to freedom of religion.
"Whatever comes of our negotiations with Beijing, you can be assured that the American people will stand in solidarity with people of all faith in the People's Republic of China," he said. "We will pray for the day that they can live out their faith freely without fear of persecution."
Nearly two dozen nations at the U.N. Human Rights Council this month urged China to halt persecution of ethnic Uighurs in its western region of Xinjiang, where U.N. experts and activists say at least 1 million are held in detention centres.
The Trump administration has been weighing sanctions against Chinese officials over their policies in Xinjiang, including the Communist Party chief of the region, Chen Quanguo, but has held back amid Chinese threats of retaliation.
Relations between the United States and China are already tense as a result of their tit-for-tat trade war, in which Trump has accused China of unfair trading practices.
(Reporting by David Brunnstrom and Lesley Wroughton; Editing by Susan Thomas and Jonathan Oatis)