Tear gas launched by police as hundreds of thousands join latest Hong Kong protest against controversial extradition bill

Asher Mcshane, Olivia Tobin

Police have launched tear gas and fired rubber bullets as hundreds of thousands take part in the lasted extradition bill protest in Hong Kong.

The firing of the tear gas was the latest confrontation between police and protesters, who have taken to the streets for over a month to fight a proposed extradition bill and call for electoral reforms in the Chinese territory.

Thousands of people occupied key government and business districts before departing for the Liaison Office, which represents China's Communist Party-led central government within the city.

Protesters threw eggs at the building and spray-painted its surrounding surveillance cameras.

China's national emblem, which adorns the front of the Liaison Office, was splattered with black ink.

Riot police stand guard near the Chinese liaison office in Hong Kong (AFP/Getty Images)

Organisers said 430,000 people participated in the march. Police had yet to release their estimate, which is generally lower.

Large protests began early last month in the Chinese territory in opposition to a contentious extradition bill that would have allowed Hong Kong residents to stand trial in mainland China, where critics say their rights would be compromised.

Protesters walk toward Hong Kong's Central district during a march against the controversial extradition bill (AFP/Getty Images)

Hong Kong's leader, Carrie Lam, has declared the bill dead, but protesters are dissatisfied with her refusal to formally withdraw the legislation. Some are also calling for her to resign amid growing concerns about the steady erosion of civil rights in the city.

A former British colony, Hong Kong was handed back to China in 1997 and was promised certain democratic freedoms under the framework of "one country, two systems."

Protesters build barricades near the Chinese Liaison Office (AFP/Getty Images)

Fuelled by anger at Ms Lam and an enduring distrust of the Communist Party-ruled central government in Beijing, the current demonstrations have ballooned into calls for electoral reform and an investigation into alleged police brutality.

Walking in sweltering heat, protesters dressed in black kicked off Sunday's march at a public park, carrying a large banner that read "Independent Inquiry for Rule of Law."

"Free Hong Kong! Democracy now!" the protesters chanted, forming a procession through Hong Kong's Wan Chai district as they were joined by others who had been waiting in side streets.

"I think the government has never responded to our demands," said Karen Yu, a 52-year-old Hong Kong resident who has attended four protests since they started. "No matter how much the government can do, at least it should come out and respond to us directly."

Marchers ignored orders from police to finish off the procession on a road in Wan Chai, according to police and the Civil Human Rights Front, the march's organisers.

Protesters repeated the five points of their "manifesto," which was first introduced when a small group of them stormed the legislature earlier this month.

A mass protest in Hong Kong (Reuters)

Their main demands include universal suffrage - direct voting rights for all Hong Kong residents - as well as dropping charges against anti-extradition protesters, withdrawing the characterisation of a clash between police and protesters as a "riot" and dissolving the Legislative Council.

Policemen in a corner of shopping mall while clashing with anti-extradition bill protesters during a rally in Shatin, Hong Kong, China. (EPA)

Protesters read the demands aloud in both English and Cantonese in videos released on Saturday.

Anti-extradition bill protesters gather during a rally in Shatin, Hong Kong (EPA)

"We did not want to embark on this path of resisting tyranny with our bare bodies," they said, "but for too long, our government has lied and deceived, and refused to respond to the demands of the people."

While the demonstrations have been largely peaceful, some confrontations between police and protesters have turned violent. In Sha Tin district last Sunday, they beat each other with umbrellas and bats inside a luxury shopping centre.

Demonstrators broke into the Legislative Council building on July 1 by moving past barricades and shattering windows. Meanwhile, police officers have used pepper spray, tear gas, bean bag rounds and rubber bullets to quell the crowds.

On Friday, Hong Kong police discovered a stash of a powerful homemade explosive and arrested a man in a raid on a commercial building. Materials voicing opposition to the extradition bill were found at the site, local media said, but a police spokesman said no concrete link had been established and the investigation was continuing.