The Trump administration has joined 32 illiberal or authoritarian countries in declaring that women have no intrinsic right to abortion.
The Geneva Consensus Declaration, which received no support from America’s liberal allies, calls on states to protect the health and “inalienable rights” of women, but appears largely aimed at curbing global abortion rights and promoting heterosexual family units.
It was co-sponsored by Brazil, Egypt, Hungary, Indonesia, Uganda and the US, and was also signed by a host of autocratic countries including Saudi Arabia, Belarus and the United Arab Emirates.
“In no case should abortion be promoted as a method of family planning,” states the declaration, which was signed during a virtual gathering of countries in Washington DC on Thursday.
It adds: “There is no international right to abortion, nor any international obligation on the part of states to finance or facilitate abortion.”
Ten of the 20 worst countries in the world to be a woman - according to the Women, Peace and Security Index by Georgetown University - joined the declaration, while none of the top 20, with the exception of the US, were signatories to it.
“For the last four years, women have faced continuous attacks on their reproductive freedom, with the withdrawal of funding and the emboldening of corrosive anti-choice groups,” Sarah Shaw, head of advocacy for Marie Stopes International, which provides safe abortion to women in dozens of countries, said of the Trump administration’s policies.
“It is extremely alarming and disappointing to see this complete disregard for human rights which undermines international consensus around reproductive health and rights.
“Ultimately, this will impact the most vulnerable and marginalised women and girls the most, denying them access to life saving family planning and comprehensive abortion care.”
The declaration is part of a Trump administration attempt, led by the evangelical Christian secretary of state Mike Pompeo, to establish a more socially conservative foreign policy agenda.
Prior to taking office in 2016, Donald Trump appeared to flip-flop on the issue of abortion, but since becoming president he has championed conservative values and reached out to pro-life groups for support while in the White House.
Critics say his attempts to espouse Christian values are a cynical attempt at shoring up votes among the evangelical community, many of whom voted for him in 2016 and could again play a role in deciding who wins the 2020 race for the Oval Office.
Appointed by the president in 2018, Mr Pompeo has been seeking to push a pro-life US foreign policy during his time in office.
Late last month he attempted to use a US-sponsored UN event as a platform to redefine international human rights and prioritise “religious freedom” over LGBT equality.
And the Geneva Consensus Declaration appeared another attempt to marginalise LGBT rights. The text conspicuously omits any mention of gay rights or LGBT families, and instead promotes the “harmonious partnership” between men and women and asserts that women “play a critical role in the family”.
The Geneva Consensus has no basis in international law and will not mean abortion or same-sex marriage is restricted in the US.
List of Geneva Consensus Declaration signatories
Kingdom of Bahrain
Republic of Belarus
Republic of Benin
Federative Republic of Brazil (co-sponsor)
Republic of Cameroon
Democratic Republic of the Congo
Republic of the Congo
Republic of Djibouti
Arab Republic of Egypt (co-sponsor)
Kingdom of Eswatini
Republic of The Gambia
Republic of Haiti
Republic of Indonesia (co-sponsor)
Republic of Iraq
Republic of Kenya
State of Kuwait
State of Libya
Republic of Nauru
Republic of Niger
Sultanate of Oman
Islamic Republic of Pakistan
Republic of Poland
Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
Republic of Senegal
Republic of South Sudan
Republic of Sudan
Republic of Uganda (co-sponsor)
United Arab Emirates
United States of America (co-sponsor)
Republic of Zambia