What's happening? Child killer Jon Venables faces a parole hearing on Tuesday, which could see him released from prison before Christmas and has led to calls from his victim's mother that he stays behind bars.
Venables was just 10 years old when he and Robert Thompson, who was also 10, tortured and killed two-year-old James Bulger after snatching him from a shopping centre in Bootle, Merseyside, in February 1993.
Both boys were jailed for life but released on licence with new identities in 2001. However, Venables was jailed again for possessing indecent images of children.
In September this year, he was granted a two-day private parole hearing set for 14 November, prompting Bulger's mother, Denise Fergus, 54, to issue a direct plea with the board to "please, make the right call".
“Venables has had so many chances in the past and he’s blown them all. He doesn’t care. He seriously doesn’t care about anybody," she said in an interview with The Mirror.
She added: “If he goes on to commit more crimes after you release him, it will be on your shoulders. So, I’m just asking you to do the right thing.”
During the hearing, the board will hear evidence from a range of witnesses, including psychologists, prison staff, probation officers, psychiatrists, and other officials, as well as victim impact statements. A decision on whether prisoners can be released is usually made within 14 days of the session.
The case will be heard as measures aimed at strengthening the parole system are going through parliament under the Victims and Prisoners Bill, which aims to prioritise public protection by codifying the release test into law.
Read more: James Bulger’s father weeps as he begs to keep killer Jon Venables in prison (The Independent)
Here, Yahoo News UK rounds up the events surrounding the shocking murder of James Bulger…
What happened to James Bulger?
James Bulger was in the New Strand Shopping Centre in Bootle, Merseyside, on 12 February 1993 when he was led away by Venables and Thompson.
James’ mother, Denise, was distracted in a butcher’s shop at the time her son was taken.
CCTV footage showed him being taken by the hand by the boys, in an image that shocked the nation.
It was later revealed that 38 people saw the three boys together but most did not attempt to intervene or left when Venables and Thompson claimed they were all brothers.
Venables and Thompson took James to the Leeds and Liverpool Canal, where he was dropped on his head and suffered facial injuries.
James was then tortured at a railway line in Walton, suffering 10 skull fractures before he died of his injures.
His body was left on train tracks to make it look like he died of an accident and it was found two days later by a group of children.
Tests later revealed he died before being hit by a train.
Read more: James Bulger murder: The grainy CCTV which shook Britain (Yahoo News UK)
What happened to Jon Venables?
Venables, along with Thompson, was found guilty of murder in November 1993 – making them the youngest convicted murderers of the 20th century.
He was sentenced to a minimum of eight years in a juvenile detention centre.
Venables was released in 2001 and was given a new identity, but he was arrested in 2008 after a drunken fight and given a formal warning by the probation service.
He was also cautioned for cocaine possession.
Venables was sent back to prison in 2010 for possessing indecent images of children and was released in 2013 following a recommendation from the Parole Board.
However, in 2017 he was arrested again for possessing child abuse images and was given a 40-month sentence.
In 2020 the Parole Board ruled that Venables, whose identity has been changed twice after it was discovered, should not be released.
His Parole Board hearing in November means he could be out of prison before the end of 2023.
Read more: James Bulger killer Jon Venables charged over indecent images of children (Yahoo News)
What happened to Robert Thompson?
After being sentenced to a minimum of eight years for murder, Thompson was also released in 2001 and given a new identity.
It was reported that during his time at Barton Moss secure unit in Eccles, Lancashire, Thompson passed five GCSEs and had taken his A-levels.
His new identity is protected by an unprecedented injunction, which applies around the world.
The injunction means that attempting to track down his whereabouts – even just searching for his address – could result in a prison sentence.
Thompson has not reoffended since his release and it was reported in 2010 that he was in a relationship with a man who knows his true identity.
Read more: James Bulger’s father claims Robert Thompson has been ‘rewarded’ for murdering toddler (Yahoo News)
What conversation did it spark?
In the immediate aftermath of the jailing of Venables and Thompson, some sections of the media began to question the reasons behind the murder, with focus on so-called ‘video nasties’.
It had emerged that the horror film Child’s Play 3 was one of the films Venables’ father had rented in the months prior to the killing.
However, it was never established whether Venables had ever watched it and detectives dismissed the influence of that movie – or any other – on the murder.
Further public conversation took place around the age of criminal responsibility and how society deals with young offenders.
In England and Wales, the age of criminal responsibility has been 10 since 1963 – lower than what it is in much of Europe, where the age is 14.
The background of young offenders – which often features a history of emotional, physical or sexual abuse – has also come under the spotlight when it comes to dealing with youngsters involved with serious crimes.
Critics also argue that jailing people when they are children increases their chances of reoffending when released.
Read more: The James Bulger case should not set the age of criminal responsibility (The Conversation)